Information Systems

Download Spatial Databases: With Application to GIS (The Morgan by Philippe Rigaux PDF

By Philippe Rigaux

This textbook is a wonderful source for individuals in particular attracted to the theoretical nuts and bolts of spatial databases. The publication covers loads of floor in exactly over four hundred pages. it might be an outstanding textual content for a sophisticated GIS programming direction for both geography scholars or desktop technology scholars. For the geography scholar, the textual content offers a very good insurance of database techniques whereas drawing on everyday subject matters. For the pc technological know-how scholar, the e-book extends simple wisdom of DBMS for spatial applications.

The publication is split into 8 chapters. each one bankruptcy is finished with an outstanding bibliographical assessment of correct courses. This assessment, on my own, is well worth the expense of the book.

Chapter 1: creation to Spatial Database: Covers simple techniques of SQL, DBMS and spatial data.

Chapter 2: illustration of Spatial gadgets: This bankruptcy might be everyday to a person with a GIS history yet might fill within the gaps for desktop technology scholars. The part on codecs and criteria is a section dated yet offers a pleasant theoretical historical past - in particular for the Census TIGER data.

Chapter three: Logical types and question Languages: contrary of bankruptcy 2, this bankruptcy will problem the Geography scholar whereas extra grounding the pc technology scholar in GIS information types.

Chapter four: The Constraint information version: the following the authors decide to introduce a few certain fabric within the type of the constraint information version. The version is designed in particular to encode spatial facts in a simple relational version. The bankruptcy even breaks down the version into relational algebra statements. for many educating reasons, this bankruptcy will be skipped.

Chapter five: Computational Geometry: a wierd gem in a textual content on spatial databases. This bankruptcy presents a uncomplicated creation to computation geometry recommendations and their program to spatial facts. probably the most major features of a spatial databases is that it encodes geometric representations of geographic phenomena. uncomplicated computational geometry is an important extension for a database to really help spatial info. Pseudo-code is given yet i might suggest the vintage Computational Geometry in C (Cambridge Tracts in Theoretical desktop technology) for precise implementations. This bankruptcy might be hard for Geography scholars yet easy for computing device technology students.

Chapter 6: Spatial entry equipment: the most important problem for spatial databases is spatial indexing - including a real feel of "where" to SELECT...WHERE! The bankruptcy focuses totally on classical index constructions - B-tree, R-Tree, and so on. this might be a great bankruptcy for a "short week" because it is both a examine concentration or topic of "it simply works". scholars who wish to learn spatial indexing will locate the bankruptcy missing. Others will locate it overwhelming.

Chapter 7: question Processing: Like bankruptcy 6, this bankruptcy delves into info that just a pupil actually drawn to studying spatial indexes or constructing new databases will be curious about. The bankruptcy offers how the spatial index is applied for joins and relates.

Chapter eight: advertisement structures: Any booklet that makes an attempt to survey current software program is usually old-fashioned. This bankruptcy will be of old curiosity yet is infrequently worthy overlaying. The component to PostgreSQL is attention-grabbing yet greater fabric exists at the web.

Overall, the publication is definitely written and obviously provides the cloth. The assurance is concentrated on functions to spatial databases. My favourite complicated GIS textbook is GIS: A Computing viewpoint, moment version.

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Extra info for Spatial Databases: With Application to GIS (The Morgan Kaufmann Series in Data Management Systems)

Example text

Last, it is worth mentioning the management of multimedia documents, a related area whose spatial and spatio-temporal requirements are similar to those of GIS. We shall not address these here. [MPS+ 00, VTS98] are references on related issues. Representation of Spatial Objects “He went on to explain how each totemic ancestor, while travelling through the country, was thought to have scattered a trail of words and musical notes along the line of his footprints, and how these Dreaming-tracks lay over the land as ‘ways’ of communication between the most far-flung tribes.

SQL enjoys fundamental properties that are worth mentioning. First, SQL is declarative, which means that the user expresses what he expects as a result, without specifying how the system must operate to compute this result. The language is simple, and is accessible to nonexpert users, who do not need to be aware of how the result is obtained. This also gives the system the freedom (and the responsibility) to choose an appropriate execution. Second, SQL relies on sound mathematical foundations. The set of data manipulations expressible by the language is precisely defined by two equivalent, formal languages; namely, relational calculus and relational algebra.

Points are used for representing the location of entities whose shape is not considered as useful, or when the area is quite small with respect to the embedding space size. Cities, churches, and crossings are examples of entities whose spatial extent might be reduced to a point on a large-scale map. One-dimensional objects or linear objects. These objects are commonly used for representing networks (roads, hydrography, and so on). The basic geometric type considered throughout this book is the polyline.

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