Semantics

Download Ontological Semantics by Sergei Nirenburg PDF

By Sergei Nirenburg

In Ontological Semantics, Sergei Nirenburg and Victor Raskin introduce a complete method of the therapy of textual content which means via computing device. Arguing that with the ability to use which means is important to the good fortune of usual language processing (NLP) functions, they leave from the advert hoc method of which means taken through a lot of the NLP neighborhood and suggest theory-based semantic tools. Ontological semantics, an built-in advanced of theories, methodologies, descriptions, and implementations, makes an attempt to systematize principles approximately either semantic description as illustration and manipulation of which means via machine courses. it really is equipped on already coordinated "microtheories" overlaying such various components as particular language phenomena, processing heuristics, and implementation method structure instead of on remoted elements requiring destiny integration. Ontological semantics is continually evolving, pushed via the necessity to make which means manipulation projects comparable to textual content research and textual content new release paintings. Nirenburg and Raskin have accordingly built a suite of heterogeneous equipment fitted to a selected job and coordinated on the point of data acquisition and runtime process structure implementations, a strategy that still allows a variable point of automation in all its processes.
Nirenburg and Raskin first talk about ontological semantics on the subject of different fields, together with cognitive technology and the AI paradigm, the philosophy of technological know-how, linguistic semantics and the philosophy of language, computational lexical semantics, and experiences in formal ontology. They then describe the content material of ontological semantics, discussing text-meaning illustration, static wisdom assets (including the ontology, the actual fact repository, and the lexicon), the approaches concerned about textual content research, and the purchase of static wisdom.

Show description

Read Online or Download Ontological Semantics PDF

Best semantics books

Weighted Littlewood-Paley Theory and Exponential-Square Integrability

Littlewood-Paley thought is a necessary device of Fourier research, with purposes and connections to PDEs, sign processing, and likelihood. It extends a number of the merits of orthogonality to occasions the place orthogonality doesn’t particularly make experience. It does so by means of letting us keep watch over sure oscillatory endless sequence of capabilities when it comes to endless sequence of non-negative features.

Semantics: A Reader

This is often a kind of collections of classics that simply will get misplaced one of the multitude of books at the subject, however it continues to be the most effective i have come upon. many of the classics are right here, Davidson's 'Truth and Meaning', Lewis' 'General Semantics', Kamp's unique presentation of DRT, Groenendijk & Stokhof's 'Dynamic Predicate Logic', Barwise & Perry's 'Situations and Attitudes', Barwise & Cooper's 'Generalized Quantifiers and ordinary Language' and the not easy to return through (except within the ridiculously dear 'Themes from Kaplan') 'Demonstratives' through Kaplan, to say a couple of.

Historical Semantics and Cognition

Includes revised papers from a September 1996 symposium which supplied a discussion board for synchronically and diachronically orientated students to interchange rules and for American and ecu cognitive linguists to confront representatives of other instructions in eu structural semantics. Papers are in sections on theories and types, descriptive different types, and case reviews, and think about parts corresponding to cognitive and structural semantics, diachronic prototype semantics, synecdoche as a cognitive and communicative process, and intensifiers as pursuits and assets of semantic swap.

Language Change at the Syntax-Semantics Interface

This quantity specializes in the interaction of syntactic and semantic components in language swap. The contributions draw on info from various Indo-European languages and handle the query of ways syntactic and semantic swap are associated and no matter if either are ruled by way of related constraints, rules and systematic mechanisms.

Additional info for Ontological Semantics

Example text

The need for understanding other paradigms and the search for best arguments in a debate may lead to generalizations over the proposed alternative treatments of phenomena, to comparing the approaches and evaluating them with respect to a set of features that is acceptable to all the participants in the debate. We maintain that the grounds for such generalizations, comparison, and evaluations amount to a philosophy of the field. Alternatively, a debate among methodological approaches to a linguistic issue can concentrate on judgments about the quality of the descriptions these approaches produce.

1993, King and Falkedal 1990, O'Connell et al. 1994), could have been viewed as an opportunity to build such a theory. It seems that questions of theory evaluation and quality judgments about theory start to get asked only after an “initial accumulation” of data and results. A plausible picture or metaphor of the maturation of a field (Bunge 1968) is interest of its practitioners in issues of choosing high level unobservable concepts which are considered necessary for understanding explanatory mechanisms in the field.

Whether they are explicated or implicit, premises play a very important role in scientific work. Just as specifying the purview of a theory establishes the boundaries of the phenomena to be accounted for by that theory, so the premises of a theory determine what questions it should address and what statements would qualify as satisfactory answers to these questions. ” One such important rule is 8. , stages, validity, and goals of top-down computer models for mental processes and activity, mostly on the strong-AI premise (cf.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.54 of 5 – based on 50 votes