By C. McGrattan
This quantity contains a re-evaluation of the Northern eire clash and the continued peace method, utilizing formerly unreleased archival fabric. The booklet seems to be at offerings and omissions by way of the most political events and the British and Irish states that lay at the back of the emergence and endurance of the "Troubles."
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Additional info for Northern Ireland 1968-2008: The Politics of Entrenchment
The main features of this consociationalist approach are executive power-sharing, proportional allocation of governmental resources and mutual veto powers. McGarry and O’Leary argue that such segregation is not intended to institutionalise sectarian attitudes or reward extremist politics. Instead, they claim that consociationalism fosters ‘tolerance, 18 Northern Ireland 1968–2008 mutual recognition, and respect for differences. ’60 The idea that the Northern Ireland conflict occurred due to the absence of appropriate consociational or power-sharing structures not only disregards theoretical insights into the fluidity of identity and the ongoing nature of group maintenance, it also overlooks the historical record.
Instead, constitutional Irish nationalism proceeded along a specific historical path characterised by the accumulation of gains and the targeting of further concessions. In contrast with several recent studies,106 the picture that emerges is of a ‘processual’ Irish nationalism, which stresses that while personal and ideological preferences may condition choices, historical change is also the result of the cumulative effect of cross-time decision-making. 108 In this view, Irish nationalism is less an ‘incoherent ideology’109 and more a product of perfectly comprehensible historical choices.
In assuming that political outcomes follow from people’s identities and beliefs, it ignores how historical events, power disparities and policy decisions may affect developments. 50 In other words, political groupings do not merely ‘act out’ ethnoreligious identities; instead, they may also respond to perceived opportunities and the out-workings of previous choices. Sara McDowell, for example, has criticised Mitchell’s contention that the ending of discrimination and the introduction of equality legislation has led to a weakening of Catholic attachment to traditional nationalist narratives.