Nationalism

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By Leon Volovici

This e-book makes a speciality of the basic and particular part of antisemitism inside Romanian nationalism and its huge repercussions on a variety of frameworks of Romanian society through the 1930s.

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Nationalist Ideology and Antisemitism: The Case of Romanian Intellectuals in the 1930s (Leaders of the World)

This publication specializes in the basic and particular part of antisemitism inside of Romanian nationalism and its enormous repercussions on a number of frameworks of Romanian society throughout the 1930s.

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Additional info for Nationalist Ideology and Antisemitism: The Case of Romanian Intellectuals in the 1930s (Leaders of the World)

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Once decolonisation became a major international issue, the new nationalists were able to call in aid the fifth column of liberal opinion within the metropolitan countries themselves. But the collusion between metropolitan centre and colonial peri­ phery went even further than this formulation suggests: while, within the metropole, the fifth column was led by anti-colonial activists, the nationalists were ultimately effective because they were pushing against an already open door. Ortega y Gasset was right in his diagnosis of mass society: the eighteenth-century idea of the rights of man and the citizen had finally taken hold of the deep political beliefs even of those who 'attack and castigate the institutions by which these rights are sanctioned' .

But since liberal values were ultimately grounded in the Enlightenment discovery of universal human rights, this distinction could no longer be regarded as part of the natural order. Consequently, it was necessary to envis­ age a process whereby barbarian states could graduate into 'civilised' international society after a period of enlightened education and preparation for self-government . 1 7 I n practice, this meant that the ultimate ideological justification of liberal empire was that it should preside over its own eventual elimi­ nation.

The idea of a world market is unthinkable without the concept of a division of labour, but also without the means of transporting goods over long distances, preserving perish­ able commodities over time and a convertible medium of exchange. What we have here, it seems, is a conflict about how to describe the modifications introduced into the traditional model under the impact of nationalism. This conflict arises because of an inability to explain reality unambiguously. Yet, if we are to try to understand the world we have no alternative but to describe it.

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