By Aidan Cockburn, Eve Cockburn, Theodore A. Reyman
To seem upon a mummy is to come back head to head with our prior. This publication offers the tale of mummification as a convention around the world. Mummies were stumbled on on each continent, a few intentionally preserved as with the traditional Egyptians utilizing quite a few complicated strategies, others by chance via dry baking warmth, extreme chilly and ice, or by means of tanning in peat bathrooms. through analyzing those preserved people, we will be able to get profound insights into the lives, health and wellbeing, tradition and deaths of people and populations gone. the 1st variation of this publication was once acclaimed as a vintage. This readable new version builds on those foundations, investigating the wonderful new findings in South the US, Europe and the a ways East. it will likely be a 'must-have' quantity for someone operating in paleopathology and a desirable learn for all these attracted to anthropology, archaeology, and the heritage of medication.
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Extra resources for Mummies, Disease & Ancient Cultures (2nd Edition)
Dawson is still a standard text to which the interested reader can turn with confidence. Alfred Lucas was another twentieth-century pioneer in the scientific study of the process of mummification. In addition to many articles on various aspects of the subject, he devoted a chapter to his findings in Ancient Egyptian materials and industries (Lucas 1962). His work has been carried on by the Egyptian, Zaki 16 WILLIAM H. 2. Predynastic burial, before 3000 Be, British Museum 32752. The typical flexed position of most predynastic burials is illustrated here, as is the high state ofpreservation resulting from the dry sand rather than a complicated embalming process.
The preservation of buried bodies in the predynastic age has already been commented on. The state of the development of the art of mummification in the early dynastic period is difficult to determine and must be inferred from the evidence of examples oflater times. From Petrie's excavation of the Royal Tombs at Abydos came the bones of an arm that was wrapped in linen and still decorated with jewelry, but this indicates only the use of wrapping and gives no indication concerning the other preparations of the body.
Embalmers' tables have been found and recognized as such. Little other comment is needed for what would have been the most obvious first stage of the working procedure. 2 The brain, one of the organs most subject to rapid putrefaction, was probably removed first; this is verified by Herodotus' account and seems practical. A passage was opened, through the nose usually, and the cerebral matter taken out with a hooked metal rod. Implements have been identified as possibly the types used for this operation.