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Download Multinational Enterprises in India: Industrial Distribution by Nagesh Kumar PDF

By Nagesh Kumar

Multinational organisations play an important position within the financial job of such a lot constructing international locations. In India MNE associates dominate complete sectors of - reminiscent of plastics and prescription drugs - characterized via a excessive measure of product differentiation, complicated know-how and excessive ability depth. Such benefits, mixed with intangible resources, centralised choice making and international outlook bring about a divergence of procedure among MNEs and their neighborhood opposite numbers in host constructing countries.This e-book analyses the inter-industry development of MNEs in India within the framework of the internationalisation conception, additionally reading the comparative behaviour of MNE associates and LCEs by way of behavior and function. The booklet is going additional to give an explanation for the several functionality of those strategic teams via assessing revenue and export.

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Example text

The variable capturing ownership advantage of access to sources of capital, AKR, is not significant in any equation explaining either FS or LCG. The unimportance of AKR in both the cases suggests that access to sources of capital is no longer a source of monopolistic advantage for MNEs in India. This may be due to the development of capital markets and the emergence of government-sponsored industrial development banks and financial institutions in the country. The variable proxying R&D intensity, RDS, is significant in both 44 Multinational enterprises in India sets of equations, but with different signs.

More complex technologies may be difficult to transfer through external markets because of limitations of absorptive capacity of developing country firms, apart from other market failures. Hence, they may be transferred through the package of FDI. That is how there might exist an inverse relationship between FS and RDS, and a positive association between LCG and RDS. However, more detailed work on the nature and characteristics of in-house R&D activity in India and its relationship with technology transfers is needed before a more definitive statement on this relationship can be made.

The share of manufacturing in total stock of FDI in India is favourable even when compared to the sectoral distribution of total flows of FDI to developing countries. Thus, while manufacturing accounted for only 32, 64, and 42 per cent of all American (between 1979 and 1981), British (between 1971 and 1978) and Japanese (between 1951 and 1980) FDIs in developing countries respectively (UNCTC 1983), it accounted for 87 per cent of the FDI stock in India. Within the manufacturing sector, the new investments were directed to technology-intensive sectors such as electrical goods, machinery and machine tools, and chemical and allied products (in particular, chemicals, and medicines and pharmaceuticals).

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