By Luke S. Roberts
This booklet explores the ancient roots of monetary nationalism inside Japan. In a state of affairs analogous to early glossy Germany, Japan within the Edo interval (1600-1867) used to be divided into over 230 geographical regions, a lot of which constructed into aggressive states that struggled to minimize the dominance of the shogun's financial system. This research of the retailers of 1 such area, Tosa, finds how they built mercantilist innovations to guard and invigorate their domain's economic climate, and to help the general public price of the service provider in a opposed Confucian international.
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Additional info for Mercantilism in a Japanese Domain: The Merchant Origins of Economic Nationalism in 18th-Century Tosa
In the third month of 1601, he sponsored a sumo tournament on the beach below his newly acquired castle at Urado to celebrate his entry. However, he turned the celebration to horror when he used the occasion to grab over seventy of the more fractious Chosogabe rural retainers and had them crucified before the waves. Soon, other local samurai who had initially resisted Yamauchi possession were hunted down in the countryside. 9 The senior retainers of the Chosogabe were banished from the domain, becoming ronin forced to look for positions with other lords.
In 1791, a samurai wrote a memorial to the junior administrator Mori Yoshiki suggesting that the domain should not sell its paper in Osaka, but Mori had to respond, "It is a very good suggestion, but if we do not ship it to Osaka then our borrowing position would become worse. "48 Not only lords, but independent domain merchants as well, frequently exported to "The Three Cities" of Osaka, Kyoto, and Edo (primarily to Osaka, which had numerous merchants who specialized in reexporting goods to the other two cities).
During the Tokugawa period, a daimyo was defined as a samurai who was granted directly from the shogun a realm assessed to produce the equivalent of over ten thousand koku of rice. These lords were vassals (kerai) of the Tokugawa shogun, fictively members of his extended household. They served the shogun as their vassals served them, and the shogun required them to perform many costly services that forced them to mobilize the resources of their domains to that end. Many of the lords (those who had already been counted as vassals by the time of the battle of Sekigahara) were eligible to serve in the senior positions of the shogun's government, which was called the bakufu.