By Jill Boucher, Dermot Bowler
Many of us with autism spectrum problems (ASDs) are remarkably educated at remembering how issues glance and sound, even years after an occasion. also they are reliable at rote studying and developing conduct and exercises. a few also have encyclopaedic thoughts. besides the fact that, all people with ASD have hassle in recalling own thoughts and reliving studies, and not more capable humans could have extra trouble in memorising proof. This booklet assembles new examine on reminiscence in autism to envision why this occurs and the results it has on people's lives. The participants utilise fresh advances within the knowing of standard reminiscence platforms and their breakdown as frameworks for analysing the neuropsychology and neurobiology of reminiscence in autism. the original patterning of reminiscence features around the spectrum illuminates problems with experience of self, emotion processing, psychological time shuttle, language and studying, offering a window into the character and explanations of autism itself.
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Extra resources for Memory In Autism: Theory and Evidence
References Atkinson, R. C. & Shiffrin, R. M. (1968). Human memory: a proposed system and its control processes. In K. W. ), The psychology of learning and motivation: advances in research and theory, vol. 2, pp. 89–195. New York: Academic Press. Baddeley, A. D. (2000). The episodic buffer: a new component of working memory? Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 4, 417–423. (2001). Levels of working memory. In M. Naveh-Benjamin, M. Moscovitch & H. L. ), Perspectives on human memory and cognitive ageing: essays in honour of Fergus Craik, pp.
2002). Episodic memory: from mind to brain. Annual Review of Psychology, 53, 1–25. Tulving, E. & Craik, F. I. M. ) (2000). The Oxford handbook of memory. New York: Oxford University Press. , Craik, F. I. , Moscovitch, M. & Houle, S. (1994). Hemispheric encoding/retrieval asymmetry in episodic memory: positron emission tomography findings. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA, 91, 2016–2020. Tulving, E. & Thomson, D. M. (1973). Encoding specificity and retrieval processes in episodic memory.
Subsequent retrieval of those events in itself creates new events and experiences, which are in turn encoded. Encoding and retrieval are continually interchangeable processes. The definition of a memory system is more complex. Tulving (1985, pp. 386–387: see also Tulving, 2002) defined memory systems thus: Memory systems are organized structures of more elementary operating components. An operating component of a system consists of a neural substrate and its behavioural or cognitive correlates.