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X is F). , p. 1 66. Meinong's student Rudolf Ameseder asserted that objectives not only have being if they obtain, but literally are being. See Meinong, Uber Annahmen [1 910], p. 6 1 : "On the other hand, the indirect path taken by R. Ameseder serves in an excellent way to give a II. Formal Semantic Paradox in Meinong's Object Theory 35 value gaps in his early reconstructions of Meinong's object theory. But he insists that this is at odds with Meinong's pronouncements. He reports: " . . Parsons' theory allows truth-value gaps .

The argument does not fall under Rapaport's criticism because it does not assume that D' is not about D, but instead that D' is not about or not directed toward itself. In this way, no trivializing overt contradiction occurs in the assumptions. Mally understood the paradox to imply that the concept of a thought which refers to itself and the concept of a thought which does not refer to itself are meaningless. Meinong argues that by analogy the same would apply to the concepts of self-presenting judgments and self-presenting assump­ tions.

Parsons, "A Prolegomenon to Meinongian Semantics" [1 974], p. 571 . Parsons, Nonexistent Oo/ects, p. 1 1 6. Meinong, "The Theory of Objects", p. 86. 36 Part One: Meinong's Theory of Objects theory. That the two parts of Meinong's theory need not and should not be conflated is sufficiently indicated by the consideration that the nuclear pred­ ication and corresponding Soseinsoijektiv for the indeterminate or incomplete nonexistent object Pegasus in 'Pegasus is a mudder' (in racetrack argot) is intuitively neither true nor false but undetermined.

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