By F. John Gennari
Consolidating a wealth of knowledge and the newest learn effects into one accomplished reference, clinical administration of Kidney and Electrolyte issues is an authoritative advisor to diagnosing, figuring out, and treating sufferers with kidney and electrolyte disorders.
Covers a breadth of nephrology themes, specially the indications, diagnoses, and remedy of significant electrolyte and acid-base issues.
Supplemented with worthy and simply comprehensible tables, summaries, and guidelines!
Combining sufferer, medical, and diagnostic views for extra encompassing care, clinical administration of Kidney and Electrolyte Disorders
Expertly authored by means of forty five experts and containing approximately six hundred literature references, tables, drawings, images, and equations, clinical administration of Kidney and Electrolyte issues is a plenary and important reference for nephrologists, basic care and emergency room physicians, internists, intensivists, and clinical tuition scholars in those disciplines.
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Additional resources for Medical management of kidney and electrolyte disorders
For example, in certain settings the effective vascular volume may still be seriously reduced despite considerable interstitial volume expansion (edema). Patients with edema have excess in their body. but this excess isotonic fluid is often distributed Na' and water inappropriately in the ECF compartment. We cannot measure effective vascular or cardiac volume directly, but it can be estimated from hormone levels, renal responses, and of course with clinical experience. Renal sodium excretion varies directly with the effective vascular volume, and it is important to understand this concept for edema therapy.
Drugs, particularly potent vasodilators, can induce edema. This is especially true for calcium channel blockers, which can abolish autoregulation of the precapillary sphincters and thus expose the capillary bed to higher hydrostatic pressures. All vasodilators induce some degree of renal Na' retention and can cause edema by this mechanism, including calcium channel blockers, minoxidil, hydralazine, clonidine, and a,blockers such as terazosin. Fludrocortisone, estrogens, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) directly stimulate renal Na' reabsorption.
Avoidance, if possible, of drugs causing Oliguria 17 dry mouth, restriction of fluid, and frequent weighing to detect rapid weight gains and therefore potential hyponatremia all have a role. The treatment of a solute diuresis should be directed at addressing the underlying cause. Appropriate control of blood glucose will reduce urine volume in diabetes-induced polyuria. Removal or reduction of the offending solute will correct the problem when other solutes are responsible. SUGGESTED READINGS Bendz H, Aurell M, Balldin J.