By J. Barrie Billingsley
An important reference for all radar engineers or analysts together with many degrees of managers, advisors and selection makers within the U.S. and all over the world radar undefined. at once valuable in either army (DOD) and civilian (FAA) purposes. the results of twenty years of study at MIT Lincoln Lab, this e-book is of the main major tehcnological outcome for the undefined. It really solves the matter of low perspective radar land muddle by means of exhibiting the reader how one can layout and are expecting the functionality of radars that function in events the place land litter generic. Radar land litter constitutes the undesirable radar echoes back from the earth's floor that compete opposed to and intrude with the specified echoes again through ambitions corresponding to plane and different relocating and desk bound pursuits. the facility to correctly are expecting the results of land litter in floor radar has been an unsolved challenge for a few years. This publication is accomplished in addressing the subject, containing many interrelated effects, each one vital in its personal correct. It unifies and integrates the entire effects so one can create a entire, leading edge, and unequaled paintings. the result of this ebook without delay permit the reader to foretell land litter results in floor radar. smooth army plane intentionally fly low to conceal their presence from radars which are additionally facing land litter. looking on the terrain, the functionality of the radar varies enormously from excellent to very negative. This publication is helping radar engineers supply exact tests of floor litter, therefore bringing their skill to realize and function opposed to low flying plane to a miles greater and lots more and plenty extra constant point.
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Extra resources for Low-angle radar land clutter: measurements and empirical models
The Phase Zero and Phase One clutter measurement radars were internally calibrated for every clutter measurement. The Phase One instrument was externally calibrated at many sites, using standard gain antennas and corner reflectors mounted on portable towers. The Phase Zero instrument utilized balloon-borne spheres to provide several external calibrations. More detailed information describing the Phase Zero and Phase One clutter measurement radars is provided in Chapters 2 and 3, respectively. Several years after the Phase One measurement program was completed, the L-band component of the Phase One radar was upgraded to provide an improved LCE (L-band Clutter Experiment) instrument for the measurement of low-Doppler windblown clutter spectra to low levels of clutter spectral power.
16. J. B. Billingsley, “Radar ground clutter measurements and models, part 1: Spatial amplitude statistics,” AGARD Conf. Proc. Target and Clutter Scattering and Their Effects on Military Radar Performance, Ottawa, AGARD-CP-501, 1991; DTIC ADP006 373. 17. J. B. Billingsley, A. Farina, F. Gini, M. V. Greco, and L. Verrazzani, “Statistical analyses of measured radar ground clutter data,” IEEE Trans. AES, vol. 35, no. 2 (April 1999). 18. J. B. Billingsley, “Low-Angle X-Band Radar Ground Clutter Spatial Amplitude Statistics,” Lexington, MA: MIT Lincoln Laboratory, Technical Report 958, 2002.
Gini, M. V. Greco, P. Lombardo, “Impact of experimentally measured Doppler spectrum of ground clutter on MTI and STAP,” in Proceedings of IEE International Radar Conference (Radar ‘97), IEE Conf. Pub. No. 449, pp. 290–294, Edinburgh, 14–16 October 1997. 45. P. Lombardo, M. V. Greco, F. Gini, A. Farina, and J. B. Billingsley, “Impact of clutter spectra on radar performance prediction,”IEEE Trans. AES, Vol. 37, no. 3, July 2001. 46. P. Lombardo and J. B. Billingsley, “A new model for the Doppler spectrum of windblown radar ground clutter,” in Proceedings of IEEE 1999 Radar Conference, Boston, MA: 20–22 April 1999.