By Naomi R. Lamoreaux, Daniel M. G. Raff, Peter Temin
The first 3 essays during this quantity discover suggestions agencies have used to either deal with info to create worthwhile asymmetries and to differently suppress unwelcome pageant. the subsequent 3 specialize in the ways that companies have outfitted certain services over the years, features which were either assets of aggressive virtue and resistance to new possibilities. The final expand the idea of studying from the extent of enterprises to that of countries. the gathering as an entire builds at the prior volumes to make the relationship among details constitution and product marketplace results in company history.
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Patentees who did not feel able or willing to devote so much of their time to marketing their inventions could turn to intermediaries for assistance. Virtually any businessman could perform this function, as records of patents offered for sale to important firms show. 6 But it was common for patent solicitors and agents to play the role of middleman. Although the original function of these specialists was to shepherd applications for patents through the official review process and (in the case of the lawyers) to defend previously issued patents in interference and infringement proceedings, as time went on they acquired additional functions and often began to serve as intermediaries in the sale of technology.
19 As we will show, however, employees who assigned their patents to their companies still played only a minor role. 7, we summarize the information collected for this subsample of urban patentees by presenting for each of three time periods descriptive statistics on the distribution of patentees (based on one randomly selected patent per patentee) and on the distribution of all their patents. The distributions are broken down in the upper panel of the table by occupational class and, in the bottom panel, by type of relationship between patentee and assignee.
The figures for "% Assigned" and "% Assigned to Companies" are accordingly based on all of the patents received by the patentees in the respective categories. 6 34 Naomi R. Lamoreaux and Kenneth L. Sokoloff transferred patent rights at issue. The upper panel reports the distribution for the individual B patentees, broken down by the total number of patents received over their careers and by the number of different assignees to which they transferred patent rights. The lower panel reports the analogous distribution for all of the patents received by the B patentees.