By S. Wright
This revised moment variation is a entire review of why we communicate the languages that we do. It covers language studying imposed by means of political and monetary agendas in addition to language offerings entered into willingly for purposes of social mobility, financial virtue and workforce identity.
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Extra info for Language Policy and Language Planning: From Nationalism to Globalisation
At the height of the nationalist period people saw their main loyalty as being to the nation, that is, to a much more extensive group than had been the case in the past. These developments were intimately linked with changing patterns of language use which can be seen as being both cause and effect within the nation building process. 1 Economic solidarity, labour mobility and the changing nature of work National economies were isolated by tariffs, quotas and other forms of protectionism. Customs and border controls made contact between 42 Language Policy and Language Planning nation states physically difficult and expensive, while links within the state were promoted through the abolition of internal controls and tolls.
Once the boundaries of the state were reasonably stable, this process of homogenising the peoples living on the territory of the state began. Religious unity was the first preoccupation of the European leaders. This was of course no new departure. 22 After the Protestant Reformation, however, religious unity was pursued at national rather than continental scale. The Peace of Augsburg (1555) introduced the rule Cuius regio eius religio, which stipulated that subjects and their king should share the same religion.
This had many effects, not least the severing of links along the dialect continua, as groups were split by borders and discouraged from maintaining links in the interests of building national solidarity. The religious conflicts of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries had a marked effect on the standardisation and spread of the vernacular languages. The Protestant challenge to the Catholic Church was circulated in religious treatises and tracts. In the early period these were written in Latin in the tradition of all religious scholarly texts, but widespread interest in and demand for access to the ideas meant that key texts were soon translated into the vernaculars.