By Douglas Zhihua Zeng
Africa is at the movement, demonstrating lately an important strength for monetary development. even if the sector nonetheless faces many demanding situations, it's also producing wallet of financial power within the type of firm clusters which are contributing to nationwide, nearby, and native productiveness. via case examples from Ghana, Kenya, Mauritius, Nigeria, South Africa, Tanzania, and Uganda, this e-book presents an realizing of ways those dynamic firm clusters have been shaped and feature developed, and the way wisdom, human capital, and expertise have contributed to their luck.
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Extra info for Knowledge, Technology, and Cluster-Based Growth in Africa (WBI Development Studies) (Wbi Development Studies)
A combination of indigenous artisanal skills and standard technological processes is found in the cluster. As noted, most skills are acquired on the job either through training or by dismantling and reassembling products. Challenges Facing the Cluster Policy and political will. There appears to be a mismatch between policy and the political will to implement it. All the entrepreneurs interviewed for this study felt that the government had neglected them. They said that though they had heard of funding and training programs for the jua kali, these programs did not reach them.
In most cases, they employ horticulture graduates as farm managers to deal with the technical details of production, while the farm owners themselves serve as directors dealing with administration and product marketing. The flower industry has long operated as a closed system, with little formal interaction between farms and other actors. This has been attributed to lack of trust between farms and the need to guard trade secrets. However, pressure from environmental and human rights groups, consumer demands to know about the working conditions of flower farm workers, and the negative publicity these have generated have obliged flower farms to gradually open up to the public.
Communication with jua kali officials. 28 The Kamukunji Metalwork Cluster in Kenya Cluster Composition The Kamukunji jua kali cluster has several metalwork subsectors. The first consists of business support services, which include scrap metal dealers, metal cutters and folders, gas and electrical welders, welding rod suppliers, and polish and paint traders. The second is composed of metal engineering producers who make folding and pressing machines and other metal-handling accessories for use within the cluster or elsewhere.