Semantics

Download Key Terms in Semantics by M. Lynne Murphy PDF

By M. Lynne Murphy

Covers the main phrases, innovations, thinkers and texts in semantics that scholars in linguistics and language reports will encounter.

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Binary feature See COMPONENT. Bind, bound In syntactic theory, binding generally refers to the dependency relations between ANTECEDENTS and ANAPHORA. The term is also used this way in some semantic approaches that distinguish a semantic level of binding. Binding can also refer to the relation between a QUANTIFIER or similar LOGICAL OPERATOR and a VARIABLE. The variable is a semantically empty expression in this 24 Bleaching, semantic case, which must be bound to a quantifier in order to be interpretable.

The term is also used this way in some semantic approaches that distinguish a semantic level of binding. Binding can also refer to the relation between a QUANTIFIER or similar LOGICAL OPERATOR and a VARIABLE. The variable is a semantically empty expression in this 24 Bleaching, semantic case, which must be bound to a quantifier in order to be interpretable. ) Bleaching, semantic See SEMANTIC CHANGE, GRAMMATICALIZATION. Blending Theory See CONCEPTUAL BLENDING THEORY. Bounded, boundedness Bounded, and its opposite, unbounded, are frequently used as semantic components or descriptions of semantic properties, applying to a wide range of different meaning types.

1973; Rosch et al. 1976; Lakoff 1987. Beneficiary See SEMANTIC ROLE. Biconditional The biconditional is a LOGICAL OPERATOR that joins two PROPOSITIONS by mutual ENTAILMENT, that is, P is true if and only if Q is true. In logic, this is symbolized as ↔ or ≡. In semantic literature, if and only if is often abbreviated as iff. The biconditional operation can be PARAPHRASED in terms of the MATERIAL CONDITIONAL and CONJUNCTION: P is true iff Q is true (P↔Q) = If P is true, then Q is true AND if Q is true then P is true.

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