By Christoph Gassenschmidt
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Additional resources for Jewish Liberal Politics in Tsarist Russia, 1900–14: The Modernization of Russian Jewry
The SP also had to map out its course at this political watershed. Until then, in terms of its general political outlook, the SP had seemed homogeneous; however, with the Manifesto the differences between the political tendencies within the SP surfaced. Until October-November the Liberals, led by Vinaver and Sliozberg, commanded the majority within the SP. " This in tum influenced the composition - seventy delegates from thirty cities representing 5,000 members - of the Second Congress which took place from 22-25 November 1905 in St.
The Liberals had achieved recognition among the Jewish masses. This The Emergence of Jewish Liberals in Russia 17 was a very important step for their subsequent activities as publicity was necessary in Jewish society which so far had been largely impervious to modem political and social activity, but which was now looking out for new ways of improving their situation. Herein, they profited from the fact that they had conquered some strategic positions in society. They dominated the legal Jewish press and monopolized the few spheres of legal activity which were open to the Jews.
As this time the appeal was not published in a newspaper, but sent directly, in hundreds of copies, to the Jewish communities, the effect was enormous. " The transition to an active defense of Jewish rights and of Jewish life and property was also evident in the Defense Bureau's approach towards the pogrom trials: it did not aim at financial compensation for the pogrom victims - this was considered almost impossible to achieve - but focused on background inquiries and the exposure of those guilty.