By Rupert Woodfin, Oscar Zarate
Used to be Marx himself a 'Marxist'? was once his visionary promise of socialism betrayed through Marxist dictatorship? Is Marxism necessarily totalitarian? What did Marx relatively say? This publication offers a basic account of Karl Marx's unique philosophy, its roots in nineteenth century ecu ideology, and his radical monetary and social feedback of capitalism.
summary: used to be Marx himself a 'Marxist'? used to be his visionary promise of socialism betrayed via Marxist dictatorship? Is Marxism necessarily totalitarian? What did Marx particularly say? This publication presents a basic account of Karl Marx's unique philosophy, its roots in nineteenth century eu ideology, and his radical monetary and social feedback of capitalism
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Extra info for Introducing Marxism : a graphic guide
THE SOUL IS THEIR EXCHANGE VALUE AND GIVES THEM A KIND OF LIFE OF THEIR OWN. HUMANS ALSO TAKE ON EXCHANGE VALUE. WE TOO ARE BOUGHT AND SOLD. WE BECOME OBJECTS. Money Speaks for Us The economic system has forced us to treat each other as means and we are all alienated from ourselves. In “On the Jewish Question”, Marx says: “Money is the universal, self-constituted value of all things. Hence it has robbed the whole world, the human world as well as nature, of its proper value. ” Although difficult and ambiguous, it is important to understand the Marxian concept of alienation because, while much else of what he said has been disregarded or is now thought to be wrong, alienation remains at the heart of modern Marxist or post-Marxist thinking, as we shall see.
This is by no means a new concept. WE ANCIENT GREEKS SAW THE MERCANTILE LIFE AS UNWORTHY OF HUMANS ... THAT IS, ATHENIAN-BORN MEN. CHRISTIANITY ALWAYS TOOK A DIM VIEW OF WORLDLY ATTACHMENTS. I SYSTEMATIZED THE ALIENATION CONCEPT AS NEVER BEFORE BY LINKINIG IT WITH CAPITALISM IN TWO WAYS. The Fetish Concept Immanuel Kant (1724–1804) provided Marx with the concept of “fetish”. Kant distinguished real religious thought concerned with the true nature of God, of man and the relationship between them, from unreal or distorted religious thought.
Understanding Alienation Most humans have to live in conditions that make unalienated, proper relations to life itself impossible. Instead of being a joy and a pleasure, work becomes boring drudgery. We only really feel free in the functions we share with animals – sex, drinking, eating, pleasure. Going on holiday seems to be the only time we are really human and alive. All this leads to a kind of self-alienation. This is by no means a new concept. WE ANCIENT GREEKS SAW THE MERCANTILE LIFE AS UNWORTHY OF HUMANS ...