By Bernadette H. Schell
Combining reference entries with standpoint essays, this well timed publication undertakes an neutral exploration of web censorship, analyzing the 2 facets of the controversy extensive. at the one part are those that think censorship, to a better or lesser measure, is suitable; at the different are those that play the serious function of data freedom opponents. In "Internet Censorship: A Reference Handbook," specialists aid readers comprehend those different perspectives on net entry and content material viewing, revealing how either teams do what they do and why.
The guide stocks key occasions linked to the Internet's evolution, beginning with its beginnings and culminating within the current. It probes the incentive of newsmakers like Julian Assange, the nameless, and WikiLeaks hacker teams, and of risk-takers like deepest Bradley Manning. It additionally seems to be at ways that net censorship is used as an software of governmental regulate and on the criminal and ethical grounds brought up to protect those rules, addressing, for instance, why the governments of China and Iran think it's their accountability to guard voters by means of filtering on-line content material believed to be damaging.
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Extra info for Internet Censorship: A Reference Handbook (Contemporary World Issues)
One year later, the term criminal hacker was alluded to in the British press, when Robert Schifreen and Steven Gold broke into a text information retrieval system operated by BT Prestel and left a message for his Royal Highness the Duke of Edinburgh on his network mailbox; from that time onward, reporters have latched on to the negative connotation (Schell, 2007). S. Congress passed the controversial Computer Fraud and Abuse Act, meant to prevent fraud and associated criminal activities aimed at or completed with computers.
6 hours a month online, while the average Canadian spends about 45 hours a month online, with the majority of time spent on social networking sites like Facebook (Holt and Schell, 2013). More recent Canadian online activity trends indicate that about 75 percent of the households use paid Internet services, almost 60 percent of working Canadians ﬁle their personal taxes electronically rather than through land mail, and about 67 percent of Canadian adults bank online. Canadian businesses rely heavily, as well, on the digital infrastructure; currently, about 87 percent of businesses use the Internet—with online sales in Canada totaling about $63 billion in 2011.
Here’s the interesting likely link between the latter case and Snowden. Journalist Glenn Greenwald is an American journalist based in Brazil. S. NSA. Apparently, the bulk of top secret documents given to this journalist and ﬁlmmaker Laura Poitras in Hong King was provided by Edward Snowden. ” One of the NSA’s closest allies is Canada’s electronic eavesdropping agency, known as Communications Security Establishment Canada (CSEC)—which has remained relatively unscathed in terms of international scandals to this point.