By Ariadna Ripoll Servent
In an ecu more and more frightened in regards to the safety of its voters and its territory, how may still the ecu Parliament make coverage judgements in those components? This learn investigates how the empowerment of the eu Parliament has led it to desert its defence of civil liberties with the intention to turn into a whole associate in inter-institutional negotiations
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For instance, some consider that committee chairmanships have lost inﬂuence in front of rapporteurs and group coordinators, who are in a better position to access and steer negotiations thanks to their direct access to information (Farrell & Héritier 2004; Yordanova 2009c). Shadow rapporteurs have also become more important, especially since the emergence of ‘negotiating teams’ inside the EP. These changes produce new dynamics of inclusion and exclusion, which often cause outsiders to the negotiation process to feel that they are losing control over the content of agreements (Héritier & Reh 2012).
Indeed, expert MEPs inside each committee serve as focal points for the other members of their national delegation or political group; nonexperts generally rely on the judgement of expert colleagues to cast their ﬁnal vote (Ringe 2009). Therefore, the link between EP political groups, national delegations and individual MEPs is complex and context-dependent. Generally, this relationship can be conceptualised as an ‘agent with two principals’, since MEPs have to serve both their national party and the EP political group (Coman 2009; Hix 2002b).
Conclusion This chapter has analysed the main EU decision-making procedures in order to gain a better understanding of the formal rules of procedure and map the impact that these different rules have had on the way the EP behaves and how it reaches decisions. The analysis of the three procedures has shown that consultation, co-decision and consent result in particular (and often contradictory) patterns of institutional behaviour. Consultation creates incentives to behave ‘irresponsibly’ in inter-institutional negotiations because its formal rules do not provide any mechanisms with which to facilitate consensus.