By Oleg Rastrenin, Andrey Yurgenson
Over 43,000 Il-2/10s have been equipped among 1941 and 1955, greater than the other strive against plane in heritage, making this the most vital Soviet airplane deployed in international warfare 2. outfitted initially as a two-seater, the Il-2 had misplaced the rear gunner's place by the point the airplane began to succeed in frontline devices. Armed with ground-attack rockets, the airplane proved lethal opposed to Wehrmacht panzers as pairs of Il-2s roamed the frontline at low point. although, the Shturmoviks (armored attackers) have been prone to assault from the rear by means of enemy warring parties, so Ilyushin reverted to the two-seat structure in September 1942. Oleg Rastrenin offers a desirable account of the complicated improvement historical past of a airplane that used to be the most important to Russia's safety. From Stalingrad to Kursk to Berlin, this publication charts the airplane's important contribution to the main well-known battles of the japanese entrance.
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Extra resources for Il-2 Shturmovik Guards Units of World War 2
Meanwhile, Gen Kravchenko, CO of 11 th Combined Air Division, which had included 4th ShAP, had not forgotten those pilots recommended for decorations. Under a decree of the Presidium of the USSR Supreme Council, 4th ShAP received the Order of Lenin for the way it had discharged its duty, regimental CO Maj S G Getman became a HSU and 32 pilots and groundcrew were also decorated. Pilots of 174th ShAP (15th GShAP from 7 March 1942) are seen with their patrons - workers from the Kirovskiy Factory - on the Leningrad Front in November 1941.
In this photograph, 11-2 air gunner Sgt Baklar Saakyan is strapped in behind a makeshift ShKAS defensive machine gun mounting, which appears to have come from a Tupolev SB-2 medium bomber combined under the command of Gen Khryukin. The 8th Air Army comprised 268th, 269th, 220th, and 206th lAD, 228th and 226th ShAD, 270th and 271st BAD and 272nd NBAD. 235th lAD, six independent fighter regiments and four combined air regiments had been transferred to the 8th Air Army from the Supreme High Command reserves and other fronts by 13 June 1942.
According to the unit's combat log, the group leader, Snr Lt A E Novikov, met a hero's death when he was shot down by flak over the target. Despite his aircraft being literally consumed by flames around him, Novikov crashed the blazing Il-2 into the German convoy. A week later, 215th ShAP, which had lost a large number ofits aircraft, was withdrawn from the frontline and sent to Kuybyshev to be reformed. Sacrifices such as that made by Snr Lt Novikov ultimately proved not to be in vain, however, as by early December 1941 the German advance on Moscow had petered out due to troop exhaustion and a paucity of supplies.