Semantics

Download Hyperbole in English: A Corpus-based Study of Exaggeration by Claudia Claridge PDF

By Claudia Claridge

Non-literal language is ubiquitous in lifestyle, and whereas hyperbole is an important a part of this, it has to date remained particularly unexplored. This quantity presents the 1st research of hyperbole in English, drawing on facts from genres similar to spoken dialog, television, newspapers, and literary works from Chaucer to Monty Python. Combining quantitative and qualitative analyses, it makes use of techniques from semantics, pragmatics, discourse research and classical rhetoric, to enquire intimately either speaker-centered and emotive elements of hyperbole, and likewise addressee-related features, corresponding to interpretation and interactional uptake. Illustrated with a number diachronic case reports, hyperbole can also be proven to be a prime technique of linguistic creativity, and a huge contributor to language switch. The e-book concludes with an exploration of the position of hyperbole in political talking, humour, and literature. unique and in-depth, will probably be precious to all these engaged on that means, discourse, and ancient linguistics.

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Additional info for Hyperbole in English: A Corpus-based Study of Exaggeration (Studies in English Language)

Example text

Inactive or latent hyperboles are those which are based on polysemous items and can be easily overlooked but also easily evoked as in fact hyperbolic. This group will contain items of various degrees of bleaching.  Vagueness of lexemes also plays a role for the interpretation of some instances of potential   Cf.  and  for further discussion and a somewhat different classification. Cf. Geeraerts () for a discussion of the problem of distinguishing between polysemy and vagueness, an aspect which will be neglected here.

Die of embarrassment, where die only indicates a highly unpleasant emotional situation, or dead as an intensifier.  centimetres’ for inch as opposed to any ‘small amount, distance’ as in he escaped death by an inch. In these cases, the concrete meaning would be necessary in clarifying the abstract, transferred sense, thus rendering the former more salient.  World knowledge, in particular also in the sense as it is already part of linguistic meaning (cf. ) will also be involved in salience: we know that biological jungles precede the jungles of modern cities or of the business world (in the sense of dangerous places involving competition/fighting), also and partly because the former is crucially necessary to clarify the senses of the latter.

But where exactly it is found on the scale and how it can be delimited from other terms roughly in the same area, such as enormous, vast, is not easy to determine; this would be relevant for determining the extent/intensity of the hyperbole. Example () illustrates a further problem: ()  Matthew How many sides did you, you wrote like four sides. Anon. Yeah Matthew How the fuck did you do that? I’ve only got like two and three quarters Anon. No I write huge Matthew Yeah. Anon. my writing’s huge.

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