Human Rights

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By Ryan Goodman, Thomas Pegram

Nationwide Human Rights associations (NHRIs) - human rights commissions and ombudsmen - have received attractiveness as a potential lacking hyperlink within the transmission and implementation of foreign human rights norms on the household point. also they are more and more permitted as very important individuals in international and local boards the place overseas norms are produced. by means of gathering leading edge paintings from specialists spanning foreign legislations, political technological know-how, sociology, and human rights perform, this booklet severely examines the importance of this rather new category of enterprises. It focuses, specifically, at the clients of those associations to effectuate country compliance and social switch. attention is given to the position of NHRIs in delegitimizing - notwithstanding occasionally legitimizing - governments' terrible human rights documents and in mobilizing - although occasionally demobilizing - civil society actors. the quantity underscores the wider implications of such cross-cutting study for scholarship and perform within the fields of human rights and international affairs mostly.

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Thomas Franck describes similar dynamics in T. Franck, The Power of Legitimacy among Nations (New York: Oxford University Press, 1990). S. Cardenas, Conlict and Compliance State Responses to International Human Rights Pressure (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2007). 12 on Tue Oct 09 07:20:28 BST 2012. 4. Institutional Effects If the irst generation of academic research on NHRIs focused on issues of institutional creation, more recent analyses of NHRIs have sought to assess an NHRI’s effectiveness.

In Chapter 5, Chris Sidoti studies NHRI engagement with the international human rights system over the past two decades. Sidoti describes a rebalancing of the relationship between NHRIs and the international human rights system. Engagement has previously emphasized a top-down relationship. Many NHRIs owed their very existence, in signiicant part, to international institutions, and many NHRIs were originally conceived as vehicles for fostering the transmission of international norms into domestic social and political systems.

The appropriate question, however, is whether conditions would have been worse (and they can almost always have been worse) without the NHRI. , an electoral commission). However, consider that (1) without the NHRI, the local NGOs might have received greater resources from domestic and external sources; (2) the legal expertise provided by an NHRI might crowd out more socially productive political activism; and (3) without the residual power of the NHRI to ill the void left by the weaknesses in other governmental institutions, the state might have been pressed to support those other institutions to a greater degree.

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