By Nevenko Bartulin
Among 1941 and 1945, in a single of the extra curious episodes of racial politics in the course of the moment global conflict, a small variety of Jews have been granted the rights of Aryan electorate within the self reliant kingdom of Croatia by way of the pro-Nazi Utasha regime. This examine seeks to give an explanation for how those exemptions from Ustasha racial legislation got here to be, and particularly how they have been justified by means of the race idea of the time. writer Nevenko Bartulin explores those questions in the broader histories of anti-Semitism, nationalism, and race in Croatia within the past due 19th and early 20th century, tracing Croatian Jews' trip from "Croats of the Mosaic faith" sooner than international warfare II to their eventual rejection as racial extraterrestrial beings by way of the Utasha flow.
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Extra resources for Honorary Aryans: National–Racial Identity and Protected Jews in the Independent State of Croatia
126 [Truhelka], Hrvatska Bosna, 18. 127 ibid, 18–20. com - Trial Access - PalgraveConnect - 2013-11-01 Racial Nationalism and Anti-Semitism, 1782–1918 Honorary Aryans 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 ibid, 20–22. ibid, 25. ibid, 30. ibid, 12. ibid, 27–28. ibid, 28. ibid, 50. Nevenko Bartulin, ‘The Ideal Nordic-Dinaric Racial Type: Racial Anthropology in the Independent State of Croatia’, Review of Croatian History, 5, No. 1 (2009): 195–196. See L. von Südland (Ivo Pilar), Južnoslavensko pitanje: prikaz cjelokupnog pitanja, trans.
The Croatian modernist poet and writer Antun Gustav Matoš (1873–1914) was the first observer to remark on this incongruity between Starčević’s civic nationalism, on the one hand, and ethnolinguistic–racial nationalism, on the other. As Matoš noted, in some of his important works Starčević emphasises the importance of race in a similar manner to Gobineau, Benjamin Disraeli (1804–1881) and Houston Stewart Chamberlain (1855–1927). com - Trial Access - PalgraveConnect - 2013-11-01 24 Racial Nationalism and Anti-Semitism, 1782–1918 25 advocate of civic nationalism, but he could not avoid using the dominant racial terminology of the period: Starčević’s racial ideas marked an important shift in racial thought in Croatia, because he had introduced the theory of the Vlach racial origin of the Serbs.
Josip Bratulić (1867: reprint Varaždin: Inačica, 1995), 39–40. 54 ibid, 6. 55 Mirjana Gross, Izvorno pravaštvo: ideologija, agitacija, pokret (Zagreb: Golden Marketing, 2000), 347–348. 56 ibid, 348. 57 Starčević, ‘Bi-li k Slavstvu ili ka Hrvatstvu’, 40. 58 Jasna Turkalj, ‘Prilog istraživanju pravaškog pokreta 1880-ih’, in Pravaška misao i politika: zbornik radova, eds Jasna Turkalj, Zlatko Matijević and Stjepan Matković (Zagreb: Hrvatski institut za povijest, 2007), 30–31. 59 Banac, National Question in Yugoslavia, 86–88.