Semantics

Download Historical semantics, historical word formation by Jacek Fisiak, Magdalena Bator PDF

By Jacek Fisiak, Magdalena Bator

This can be a quantity of chosen papers awarded on the overseas convention on historic English Word-Formation and Semantics held in Warsaw on 10-11 December 2011 and arranged by way of the college of English on the Warsaw department of the collage of Social Sciences in Lódz. The convention used to be attended by way of students from Poland, united states, Germany, Austria, Belgium, France, Japan, Italy, Ukraine and Slovakia. Their papers coated quite a lot of issues in regards to the region of observe formation and semantics in outdated and center English.

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Will presents a state of affairs (in the present or the past) with the qualification that it is only tentative. It is often difficult to distinguish between a diachronic change which is a gradual process in time and an extension of the prototype which is a synchronic process and does not cause a change but a new definition of the prototype. If the reference is to a class of events rather than a single event, will develops the meaning disposition or characteristic property. Sentence (17) has a generic subject and therefore refers to a class of events.

9) Tell them you had an automobile accident and your car won't operate We think of the car as resisting our efforts if it does not do what it is expected to do. Will is typically negated as in the following example. (10) This screw won't turn What the speaker actually means is 7 can't move this screw'. Close (1977) from whom I have taken the last example speaks about 'shifting responsibility for human incapacity to an inanimate agent'. If the effect desired by the speaker in a situation involving the inanimate noun does not take place, the responsibility is attributed to the inanimate noun.

Subjects were able to judge real native words as native about as well as they judged real Latin words as Latinate. Subjects were also able to judge pseudo-native and pseudo-Latin words in the appropriate class. Table 2 Judgments of nativeness vs. Latinness for each word type Word type Percent judgments 'Latin' (number of words out of 30 judged 'Latin' by a majority) Percent judgments 'Native' (number of words out of 30 judged 'Native' by a majority) Real Un-Native Real Un-Latin Real IN-Latin Pseudo-Latin Pseudo-Native 26 (3) 72 (28) 69 (24) 69 (26) 32(3) 74 (27) 28 (2) 31 (6) 31(4) 68 (27) Furthermore, subjects judged pseudo-Latin words to be just as Latin as real Latin words, and pseudo-native words to be just as native as real native words.

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