By Stuart D.B. Picken
Certainly one of Japan's significant religions, Shinto has no doctrines and there aren't any sacred texts from which spiritual authority will be derived. It doesn't have an identifiable old founder, and it has survived the vicissitudes of heritage via rituals and logos instead of via continuity of doctrine. Shinto is essentially a faith of nature, founded at the cultivation of rice, the foundation of a tradition with which the western global isn't really well-known by way of both its annual cycle or the type of way of life it generates. The roots of the Shinto culture most likely precede this and mirror an information of the traditional order. The oldest shrines got here to be positioned in areas that encouraged awe and ask yourself of their observers, resembling the good Fall of Nachi in Kumano, or in mountains that conveyed a feeling of power.The accelerated moment version of the old Dictionary of Shinto relates the historical past of Shinto via a chronology, an introductory essay, an in depth bibliography, and over 800 cross-referenced dictionary entries on Shinto strategies, major figures, locations, actions, and sessions. students and scholars will locate the overviews and assets for additional study supplied by way of this ebook to be drastically worthy.
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Extra resources for Historical Dictionary of Shinto (Historical Dictionaries of Religions, Philosophies, and Movements Series)
Okada Kotama is born (d. 1974), founder of the Shinto-based sect Mahikari. 1903â•‡â•‡ Shrine Merger movement commences. 1906â•‡â•‡ The Hōtoku (Repayment of Virtue) movement becomes government supported. 1908â•‡â•‡ The Boshin Rescript on Thrift and Diligence is issued, one of a series of government measures designed to deal with the economic situation and to strengthen national vision and national goals. 1909â•‡â•‡ Chiho Kairyo Undō (Local District Improvement movement) is established. 1910â•‡â•‡ The revision of school textbooks is started.
1694), who founded Rigaku (Yoshikawa) Shinto using the Confucian cosmology of the Chinese scholar Chu Hsi (1132–1200), is born. 1618â•‡â•‡ Yamazaki Ansai is born (d. 1682), founder of the “Shinto of Divine Revelation and Blessing” (Suiga Shinto), which in time provides some solid academic support for the imperial loyalists and anti-bakufu movements of the late Edo period. 1619â•‡â•‡ Kumazwa Banzan (d. 1691), an important influence in the meeting of Confucianism and Shinto, is born. 1622â•‡â•‡ Yamaga Soko is born (d.
Two other schools of Shinto of the Heian period call for brief mention. One was that of the Watarai family, hereditary priests of the Outer Shine of Ise. By the end of the 13th century, they had compiled a set of texts known as the Five Canonical Writings of Shinto (Shinto Gobusho). Watarai Ieyuki (1255–1351) compiled a massive text in 12 • Introduction 1320 known as the Ruiji jingi hongen which had an enormous influence on the imperial loyalist Kitabatake Chikafusa (1293–1354), who was also a scholar of imperial history.