Semantics

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By Lars Nordgren

Interjections in old Greek have lengthy lacked a entire account, regardless of their widespread incidence in significant texts. the current research in their semantics and pragmatics, encompassing all goods encountered in Greek drama from the fifth century BC, applies a average minimalism, theory-driven strategy. Readers are provided a radical and distinct research of this elusive, and in numerous respects deviant, classification of linguistic goods.

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Sample text

G. οἴ, οἰοῖ, οἰοιοῖ; ἀτταταῖ ἀτταταῖ), or the more complex repetition of one part of the word. For example, the word παπαῖ (which in turn may be assumed to be based on the simple παπᾶ) repeats elements of varying length in ἀπαπαῖ, παπαπαῖ, ἀπαππαπαῖ and παπαπαπαῖ, as well as the extreme παππαπαππαπαῖ. Another case, with only one example, is αἰβοῖ, which may have its final syllable repeated, αἰβοιβοῖ. The ending in diphthong is characteristic of category 1 interjections. 69 Addition mainly consists of the prefix ἰ- and the suffix -άξ, which are dealt with under the following headings.

At the beginning of each article, every known occurrence of the word under consideration is identified, and, if these are not too many, a few words of context are also given. The various senses of the word are mentioned and any ambiguity that might be at hand is discussed. In the same fashion as previous scholars have done, these are consistently illustrated with a label in Greek or Latin, in the manner of the scholia and Stephanus’ Thesaurus: θαυμαστικόν, μετ’ ἐκπλήξεως, σχετλιαστικόν, dolentis vel metuentis, gaudentis vel laetantis etc.

Syntactically, regarding their position in an utterance, they are either used free-standing (infrequent), initially (most frequent), interjected within the utterance (infrequent), or at the very end (most infrequent). g. clause, expression, sentence, utterance) is concerned, I follow the definitions in the ELL glossary. 23 “Emotion” is used in its widest possible sense, including “any strong mental or instinctive feeling, … deriving esp. v. ”). 18 | Introduction Tab. e. the desire or wish of the speaker that someone performs a certain action.

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