Semantics

Download God and Man in the Qur’an. Semantics of the Qur’anic by Toshihiko Izutsu PDF

By Toshihiko Izutsu

This publication could besides were entitled in a extra normal approach "Semantics of the Qur'an" yet for the actual fact the most a part of the current research is nearly greatly all for the matter of the non-public relation among God and guy within the Qur'anic worldview. Coming from the pen of the 1st critical Asian non-Muslim pupil and a eastern, this booklet is now to be had in a brand new superior edition.Book assessment via Fazlur Rahman --"This e-book, which constitutes quantity V of the sequence reports within the Humanities and Social kin of Keio college is written by way of Professor Toshihiko Izutsu and has emerged out of his lectures at McGill college, Montreal within the spring of 1962 and 1963. truly, I participated in a seminar given by way of Dr. Izutsu at McGill through the 1960-61 consultation the place he had attempted out a number of the principles contained during this publication. those appear to have matured through the years and this constitutes not just a welcome boost to the prevailing literature on Islam yet introduces a brand new method of the knowledge of Islam-particularly by way of non-Muslims-the linguistic strategy. The Arabic error that seem within the booklet (some of which needs to be sheer misprints that are additionally widespread within the booklet) mustn't ever lead the reader to accuse the author of inadequacy in Arabic which he is familiar with and speaks fluently. neither is this Dr. Izutsu's first paintings at the Qur'an, he has already given us a piece at the moral suggestions of the Holy e-book

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Extra resources for God and Man in the Qur’an. Semantics of the Qur’anic Weltanschauung

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A word signifying 'thankfulness'. could never have conceivably acquired a meaning coming near to 'belief nnd •faith' except by having been put into a particular semantic field, where nil dCl1lcnlN contributed towards letting it develop in that dire- 16 GOD AND MAN IN THE QUR tAN ction. And in tenns of our distinction between 'basic' meaning and "relational' meaning, we might describe fairly adequately the situation by saying that in the case of shakara a markedly characteristic relational meaning developed around the basic semantic core of the word in the Qur'an, which enabled the word to be used sometimes almost synonymously with amana, while in the case of kafara "to be ungrateful" the relational meaning became powerful and got the upper hand of the basic meaning so much so that it eventually produced a new word with the basic meaning of 'disbelief.

This I will show now, in a preliminary way, by one or two simple examples. The word fman (belief}-with all the other words derived directly from the same root, like amana (to believe), mu'min (believer}--for instance, plays in the Qur'an an exceedingly important part. Nobody will disagree to our regarding it as a focusword governing a special field of its own. ). These key-words clm;tering about imtln are of either a positive (P) or a negative (N) Semantics and the Qur 'an 23 A nature. On the positive side, we have among others, words like shukr (thankfulness; the verb shakara I8 ), Islam, lit.

O-a wrong way instead of the only right one. In other temls, 44disbelief' and 44wandering from the right path" refer to exactly the same thing from two different angles. And it is in this capacity that the word dalal has its proper place in the semantic field of kufr. But the point of interest is that this is not the only proper place assigned to the word dalal in the whole system of the Qur'anic vocabulary, as we shall sec presently. The concept of Way, ~irat or sabri, plays a most prominent part informing the religious conception peculiar to the Qur'an.

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