Human Rights

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By Donatella della Porta Della Porta, Massimillano Andretta, Lorenzo Mosca, Herbert Reiter Reiter

When violence broke out on the demonstrations surrounding the 2001 G8 summit in Genoa, Italy, the authors of this booklet have been there. The protests proved to be a serious second within the worldwide justice movement.

Presenting the 1st systematic empirical examine at the international justice flow, Globalization from Below analyzes a circulation from the viewpoints of the activists, organizers, and demonstrators themselves. The authors traveled to Genoa with anti-G8 protesters and picked up info from greater than 800 individuals. A yr later, they surveyed 2,400 activists on the ecu Social discussion board in Florence. to appreciate how this cycle of worldwide protest emerged, they study the interactions among challengers and elites, and speak about how those new types of activism healthy into present social circulate work.

Globalization from Below areas the protests inside of greater debates, revealing and investigating the forces that resulted in a conflict among demonstrators and the Italian govt, which spoke back with violence.

Donatella della Porta is professor of political technology; Massimiliano Andretta is a researcher in political technological know-how and sociology; Lorenzo Mosca is a researcher in info and conversation applied sciences; Herbert Reiter is a researcher in historical past, all on the eu collage Institute.

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The movements develop new visions of the world and systems of values alternative to the dominant ones. New conflicts emerge over the new values. In particular, since the seventies, “new” movements began to be seen as the actors of new conflicts, in contrast to the “old” workers’ movement that was by then perceived as institutionalized. While Marxist analyses have traditionally upheld the centrality of the struggle between capital and labor, post–World War II changes have increased the importance of certain social stratification criteria— such as gender and generation—that were not based on class status.

The likelihood that an individual will commit to collective action for the common good is lessened by the tendency of an individual to avoid the costs of actions whose benefits would extend to all (Olson 1963). Only an organization capable of distributing selective incentives — information, knowledge, symbols, material resources, social spaces — can increase collective commitment to political mobilization. Beginning with Olson’s insights, scholars of social movements have developed a specific approach focusing on analysis of organization, organizational resources, and interorganizational relations (McCarthy and Zald 1973, 1977).

One mechanism that can change organizational strategies and identities is competition. , the environment, peace, and so on), interact, and often compete, with each other. Competition can emerge between different groups belonging to the same organization, especially within an umbrella structure. This can happen even in recently formed organizations. Organizations are also conditioned by their contact with the social reference base. Particularly during periods of high mobilization, the most structured organizations lose control of the protest.

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