By Alison Brysk
During this landmark quantity, Alison Brysk has assembled a powerful array of students to deal with new questions about globalization and human rights. Is globalization producing either difficulties and possibilities? Are new difficulties exchanging or intensifying country repression? How potent are new types of human rights responsibility? those essays contain theoretical analyses through Richard Falk, Jack Donnelly, and James Rosenau. Chapters on intercourse tourism, foreign markets, and communications know-how deliver new views to rising concerns. The authors examine locations similar to the Dominican Republic, Nigeria, and the Philippines. The modern global is outlined by means of globalization. whereas worldwide human rights criteria and associations were tested, attacks on human dignity proceed. those essays establish the recent demanding situations to be confronted, and recommend new how one can treatment the prices of globalization. 2 line illustrations, 14 tables
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Border Abuse,” Reuters, 14 May 2000). 5. Deﬁned as requiring “that a country not return (in French, refouler) a refugee to his home country when the refugee would be persecuted or killed upon return” (Langenfeld 1999). 6. 8 percent of California voters. In 1998, a district judge found all but one provision of this proposition (that to raise the penalty for fraudulent immigration documents) to be unconstitutional, and it was never legally put into practice. However, many Latino Californians reported instances of discrimination and civil rights violations after Proposition 187’s passage, for instance, being asked for proof of citizenship in the grocery store or by landlords.
But while foreign workers were welcomed and in many cases recruited to supply labor, they were not generally invited to become social and political equals. In fact, the demand for foreign labor was largely a demand for socially subordinated labor. 34 In the Southwest, labor demands during early industrialization were ﬁlled largely with Japanese, Chinese, and Mexican workers. The annexation of this territory by the United States with the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in 1848 began a process by which Mexican citizens who had been resident in this territory lost their property and found themselves positioned as unskilled labor.
Studies claiming a growing commitment to human rights norms in the United States are not entirely mistaken. For instance, the recent commitment by the EEOC and the AFL-CIO to the labor rights of immigrants is a stance more consistent with human rights norms than the discourses discussed above. We are also seeing the growth of NGO activity committed to protecting the rights of immigrants,42 as well as activism among migrants who lobby for human rights protection via hometown associations (cf. Rivera-Salgado 1999).