By David Martin
This moment version of Geographic info structures builds at the strengths of the 1st, and contains vital contemporary advances in GIS improvement and significant new socioeconomic datasets together with new census information. Martin offers an available creation to the historical past, ideas and methods of GIS, with a different concentrate on socioeconomic functions. This non-technical quantity addresses the wishes of scholars and execs who needs to comprehend and use GIS for the 1st time.
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Additional resources for Geographic Information Systems: Socioeconomic Applications
A number of the RRLs identified the integration of socioeconomic data into GIS technology as a key area of research, and, although the main phase of this initiative is now finished, many of the RRL sites continue to be active in this field. In the USA, a National Center for Geographic Information and Analysis (NCGIA) was established in August 1988, to form a focus for research in GIS. Many of the research focuses of this centre concern technical issues such as GIS theory, spatial analysis, spatial statistics and database structures, which are of relevance to all application areas, and this is reflected in the published outputs from the initiative (NCGIA, 1989, 1992).
The initial use for IBIS was the processing of images obtained from the LANDSAT satellites, and the integration of land use data from the RS images with administrative-area boundaries, captured with a raster scanner. IBIS may be seen as a raster-based GIS, which grew from the Video Image Communication and Retrieval (VICAR) IP system. IBIS was able to take in both tabular and graphical data, including encoded aerial photographs. Integration with the Intergraph CAC system (Logan and Bryant, 1987) increased the flexibility of the system for polygon processing and display, although there are considerable problems with the conversion of data between the vector and raster subsystems.
Integration with the Intergraph CAC system (Logan and Bryant, 1987) increased the flexibility of the system for polygon processing and display, although there are considerable problems with the conversion of data between the vector and raster subsystems. An application in Portland, Oregon (Marble and Peuquet, 1983) incorporated data from LANDSAT, census returns and field measurement of air pollution. The potential for incorporation of population data is suggested, but problems are encountered in the encoding of census tract boundaries in a way which makes them compatible with the image data.