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Our specialist tackle Egypt covers every thing from the Pyramids in Giza and Luxor's temples to diving the crimson Sea and navigating the streets of Cairo.Features an English-Arabic language thesaurus, plus an "Active holiday Planner" that info the easiest locations to move for crusing, diving, hiking, cycling, and extra
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Extra resources for Frommer's Egypt (Frommer's Complete Guides)
Note particularly how the keel arch of the porticos contrast with the pointed Mamluk arches. When it comes to Mamluk- and Ottoman-style architecture, Cairo provides a lovely juxtaposition in the Madrasa of Sultan Hassan and the Mosque of Mohamed Ali. The massive madrasa is located immediately below the Citadel where, almost 5 centuries later, Mohamed Ali would build his mosque. The madrasa is a great example of Mamluk architecture. Not only does it have typical minarets, with multiple upper stages, but the sheer mass of it shows the Mamluk tendency to overawe with size.
Fresh from victories in Palestine and Syria, the men had little difficulty wrapping up the whole conquest of Egypt in about 3 years. There are different perspectives on the ease with which this band of 4,000 men, which even with reinforcements only reached about 15,000 by the end of the campaign, managed to conquer one of the richest provinces of the Byzantine Empire. But a population that was not inimical to the invaders, who seemed to offer the Monophysite Copts a greater degree of 20 Islam’s Most Respected Martyr and the Day of Ashura EGYPT IN DEPTH Saints are prohibited in Islam, but there is martyrdom.
The other fairly easy and reliable clues can be had by looking at the shape of the door and window arches. Pointed arches, which you will see in many periods, came into use early, but the keel arch, which you see in the porticos at Al Azhar, was a distinctly Fatimid innovation. With Mamluk designs, however, you begin to see squareshaped windows and windows with bands of different-colored stones. One of my favorite mosques anywhere is the Ibn Tulun Mosque in Cairo. This is pretty much all that remains of Al Qatai, the capital that was built by the short-lived Tulunid Dynasty (868–905).