Download Foundations of Logico-Linguistics: A Unified Theory of by William S. Cooper (auth.) PDF

By William S. Cooper (auth.)

In 1962 a mimeographed sheet of paper fell into my ownership. It have been ready via Ernest Adams of the Philosophy division at Berkeley as a handout for a colloquim. Headed 'SOME FALLACIES OF FORMAL good judgment' it easily indexed 11 little items of reasoning, all in usual English, and all absurd. I nonetheless have the sheet, and quote a few the arguments right here to provide the belief. • in case you throw swap S and turn T, the motor will begin. There­ fore, both when you throw change S the motor will commence, or, for those who throw swap T the motor will begin . • it's not the case that if John passes background he'll graduate. as a result, John will move heritage. The disconcerting factor approximately those inferences is, after all, that less than the universal truth-functional interpretation of and, or, no longer, and if-then, they're purported to be legitimate. What, if something, is incorrect? before everything i used to be now not disturbed via the examples. Having at the moment ponder­ capable own dedication to rationality normally and formal good judgment in par­ ticular, I felt it my accountability and located myself simply capable (or so i presumed) to give an explanation for away such a lot of them. yet in retrospect I needed to admit that my expla­ countries had an advert hoc personality, various suspiciously from instance to example.

Show description

Read Online or Download Foundations of Logico-Linguistics: A Unified Theory of Information, Language, and Logic PDF

Best semantics books

Weighted Littlewood-Paley Theory and Exponential-Square Integrability

Littlewood-Paley conception is a vital device of Fourier research, with functions and connections to PDEs, sign processing, and chance. It extends many of the merits of orthogonality to events the place orthogonality doesn’t fairly make feel. It does so via letting us keep watch over yes oscillatory endless sequence of capabilities when it comes to countless sequence of non-negative capabilities.

Semantics: A Reader

This is often a kind of collections of classics that simply will get misplaced one of the multitude of books at the subject, however it remains to be the best i have come upon. many of the classics are the following, Davidson's 'Truth and Meaning', Lewis' 'General Semantics', Kamp's unique presentation of DRT, Groenendijk & Stokhof's 'Dynamic Predicate Logic', Barwise & Perry's 'Situations and Attitudes', Barwise & Cooper's 'Generalized Quantifiers and normal Language' and the tough to return through (except within the ridiculously pricey 'Themes from Kaplan') 'Demonstratives' by means of Kaplan, to say a number of.

Historical Semantics and Cognition

Includes revised papers from a September 1996 symposium which supplied a discussion board for synchronically and diachronically orientated students to interchange principles and for American and eu cognitive linguists to confront representatives of alternative instructions in ecu structural semantics. Papers are in sections on theories and types, descriptive different types, and case stories, and view parts equivalent to cognitive and structural semantics, diachronic prototype semantics, synecdoche as a cognitive and communicative technique, and intensifiers as ambitions and assets of semantic switch.

Language Change at the Syntax-Semantics Interface

This quantity specializes in the interaction of syntactic and semantic components in language switch. The contributions draw on info from quite a few Indo-European languages and handle the query of ways syntactic and semantic swap are associated and even if either are ruled via comparable constraints, ideas and systematic mechanisms.

Extra info for Foundations of Logico-Linguistics: A Unified Theory of Information, Language, and Logic

Sample text

Q: DO YOU KNOW THAT birds are carnivorous bipeds? A: No. Q: Bipeds are vertebrates. Q: DO YOU KNOW THAT every bird is a vertebrate? A: Yes. Q: Humans are mammals. Q: Mammals are vertebrates. Q: DO YOU KNOW THAT birds are mammals? A: No. In this particular game it would probably be agreed that the Answerer has answered all his questions correctly and so deserves a perfect score. The object of the game from the Questioner's point of view need not concern us. During the course of a What-Do-You-Know?

When a language is of interest, its sentences may be associated with the sentence set of an abstract language automatoD. The idea is to associate INFORMATION AND LANGUAGE 21 particular language automata with particular languages in such a way that the automata reflect the properties of the languages as communication systems. In this way language automata may be used as surrogates for languages in the investigation of linguistic information transfer. For example a language automaton for English would be the object of interest in a study of communication in English.

1. The Detectives' Language. Imagine a little linguistic community composed of a group of detectives working on a murder case. The detectives are scurrying about the house in which the murder took place, gathering evidence and occasionally telling each other their conclusions. There are two principal suspects, Coe and Doe, and the burning issue is: Which of the two (if either) was in the house on the night of the murder? So intent are the detectives on this question that the language in which they are communicating with one another is the fragment of English consisting of just the four sentences Cae was in, Doe was in, Cae was out, and Doe was out.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.45 of 5 – based on 14 votes