By M Le Bras, C Wilkie, S Bourbigot
Theortical examine into intumescent is very below constructing region in spite that cutting-edge know-how is significantly built in undefined. it is going to invaluable interpreting this ebook to people who have an interest in examine and improvement of flame retardant method or software of it to polymeric fabric or textiles.
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Additional info for Fire Retardancy of Polymers: New Applications of Mineral Fillers
The low cost is due to the ability to link the production of fire retardant grades to that of the same material produced on a vast scale as an intermediate in the Bayer process for the manufacture of alumina. There are two main grades of aluminium hydroxide fire retardant. The first is produced by milling of the large (about 70 µm) aggregates produced in the Bayer process itself. These are the lowest cost, but have platy, irregular particles, not ideally suited for many applications. The second, often referred to as precipitated, grades are specially precipitated from purified sodium aluminate, using conditions that give control of shape and size and remove the need for milling.
R. L. Watson, Plast. Rubber Process. , 1989, 11, 45. 10. L. Kirshenbaum, Kunstst. , 1989, 79, 62. 11. H. Staendeke, FRCA meeting, Spring 1988. 12. D. Weil, M. S. Lin, J. , 1998, 16, 383. 13. Y. Kojima, A. Usuki, M. Kawasumi, A. Okada, Y. Fukushima, T. Kurauchi and O. Kamigaito, J. Mater. , 1993, 8, 1185. 14. A. Blumstein, J. Polym. : Part A, 1965, 3, 2653. 15. A. Blumstein, J. Polym. : Part A, 1965, 3, 2665. 16. A. Blumstein and F. W. Billmeyer, J. Polym. : Part A-2, 1966, 4, 465. 17. A. Blumstein, R.
One must remember that to obtain one TEM requires only a miniscule piece of material and one cannot be certain that this is representative of the whole. The morphology can only be clearly determined by either sampling enough of the material by TEM so that one has statistical significance or by sampling the bulk of the sample. 42–44 The relaxation time depends upon the separation between nearest polymer–clay interfaces and the efficiency of paramagnetically-induced relaxation,45 due to iron that is naturally present in the clay.