Download Extreme Politics: Nationalism, Violence, and the End of by Charles King PDF

By Charles King

Why perform a little violent conflicts undergo around the centuries, whereas others turn into dimly remembered old struggles between forgotten peoples? Is nationalism fairly the robust strength that it seemed to be within the Nineties? This wide-ranging paintings examines the conceptual intersection of nationalist ideology, social violence, and the political transformation of Europe and Eurasia over the past 20 years. the top of communism appeared to herald a interval of radical change-an period of "extreme politics" that pitted international locations, ethnic teams, and violent marketers opposed to each other, from the wars within the Balkans and Caucasus to the obvious upsurge in nationalist mobilization during the zone. however the final 20 years have additionally illustrated the significant range of political existence after the top of one-party rule. Extreme Politics engages with subject matters from the micropolitics of social violence, to the heritage of nationalism reviews, to the character of demographic swap in Eurasia. released two decades because the cave in of communism, Extreme Politics charts the tip of "Eastern Europe" as a spot and chronicles the continuing revolution within the scholarly learn of the post-communist global.

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And under what conditions does the nation eclipse other potential symbols of allegiance? The most familiar response to these questions, one often encountered in discussions about post–cold war ethnic conflicts, is the view that nationality is as fundamental a component of personal identity as kinship; as a result, it represents a uniquely powerful source of group solidarity and a potential mobilizational resource for political elites. On this view, nations, while perhaps not the timeless entities imagined by nationalists themselves, are nevertheless rooted in established patterns of belief and behavior that bind individuals into communal groups and mark them off from others.

Why do some nationalisms endure and others fade away, becoming the quaint obsessions of antiquarians, émigrés, and exiles? 38 THEORY AND COMPARISON The history of nationalism is not necessarily written by the winners, but it is almost always written about them. Historians and social scientists have dealt mainly with the nationalist ideologies that are able to create credible narratives of national belonging, appeal to the masses, build states, and then get those states recognized by a sizable number of other countries.

Even among social scientists, however, questions about the sources of national sentiment and its relationship to the cohesion of cultural communities have proved no less controversial. Identity, Solidarity, and the Reductionist Impulse Beyond ideology, the question of the solidarity of national groups has also been central to discussions of nationalist politics. Why is it that, given the range of possible foci of human loyalty, groups coalesce around the particular array of common cultural symbols, linguistic peculiarities, and shared histories represented by the nation?

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