Human Rights

Download Extending Social Security to All: A Guide through Challenges by International Labor Office PDF

By International Labor Office

Social safeguard represents an funding in a nation's human infrastructure. This booklet outlines simple ideas comparable to the social safeguard ground and the social defense staircase, analyzes the affordability of assorted techniques, and examines the result of practices all over the world, specially in low- and middle-income countries.

The moment a part of Extending Social protection to All weighs the professionals and cons of conditional funds transfers. in keeping with a wealth of data, it argues that potent social move courses not just alleviate poverty but additionally enhance hard work marketplace participation, productiveness, nutrients, well-being care, schooling, intake, and social inclusion. The e-book demonstrates that such funding can gain poorer international locations in addition to richer ones. Even in occasions of tightened budgets and international financial situation, the dividends are definitely worth the expenditure.

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Extra info for Extending Social Security to All: A Guide through Challenges and Options

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In addition, it is important to recognize national and institutional capacity constraints and the governance aspects of delivering social security benefits. Accordingly, the set of basic social security guarantees is formulated in such a way as to heed the fiscal reality of developing countries. Part of the acknowledgement of fiscal reality involves defining an adequate level of benefits and prioritizing the way in which they are implemented. A national forward-looking social security strategy and diagnosis of priority needs can help to sequence the implementation of various social programmes and policy instruments, and this can be valuable when the full basic set of social security guarantees cannot be implemented at once, providing for immediate benefits 8 This requires reducing cost sharing, out-of-pocket payments and other indirect costs such as transport costs and catastrophic health expenditures.

1 The horizontal dimension No matter what the multiplicity and severity of sources of insecurity are and the ability to tackle them, social security should ensure that two fundamental needs are met for all, namely: basic income and access to health care. At the same time emphasis on the importance of social security should not obscure the fact that there are numerous other interventions available to reduce insecurity, nor should it undermine the need to strengthen the relationship between social security provision and other aspects of public action.

Despite the patent need for income security and access to health care and the establishment of the universal right to social security, exclusion from coverage remains very high worldwide, notably in the developing world, as discussed in detail later in this Guide. 1 The scope for increasing coverage to population groups 100% full benefit coverage Intermediate benefit coverage Non employed Elderly Non employed Children Non employed Working age Informal economy Private emplyoees Civil servant public employees Basic benefit coverage P O P U L AT I O N C OV E R AG E B Y G R O U P S 19 extension through the promotion of a set of basic social security guarantees within the framework of a wider social protection floor.

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