By Katalin É. Kiss
Katalin Kiss, of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences in Budapest, has introduced jointly during this quantity gigantic new leads to a singular box of study. The textual content analyzes the syntactic and semantic results of occasion constitution. The stories contained during this quantity try out the speculation that occasion constitution correlates with a couple of issues, together with notice order, the presence or absence of the verbal particle, and the [+/- particular] function of the inner argument.
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Extra info for Event Structure and the Left Periphery: Studies on Hungarian
G. , the disappearance, of their theme. g. meg-semmisı´t ‘annihilate’, el-tu¨ntet ‘cause to disappear’, el-t u˝ nik ‘disappear’, fel-robbant ‘explodetransitive’, fel-robban ‘explodeintransitive’, le-bont ‘dismantle’, sze´t-szed ‘take apart’, o¨ssze-te´p ‘tear up’, cannot appear in this syntactic structure. Compare: E´va evett egy alma´t. Eve ate an apple (39) a. *E´va semmisı´tett egy fe´nyke´pet. Eve annihilated a photo cf. b. E´va meg -semmisı´tett egy fe´nyke´pet. annihilated a photo Eve PRT (40) a.
38) According to Szabolcsi (1986), verbs belonging to the creation/coming into being class all have an ‘exist’ component in the core of their meaning; they assert that their theme has come to exist or will come to exist in the domain of discourse. , they cannot have it realized as a definite or a [þspecific] indefinite noun phrase, associated with an existential presupposition. ) A verb of the ‘creation/coming into being’ class is either ungrammatical with a definite or a [þspecific] indefinite theme argument (see (41a,b)), or it only has a process reading, denoting a change affecting an already existing individual (see (42)): a.
E´va az ablakna´l van. ’ d. A hiba a programban maradt. ’ The sentences in (47)–(53) describe complex situations, similar to telic sentences involving a resultative or terminative element; however, in their case, the two components of the situation are of similar types (both are states), and they take place simultaneously rather then consecutively. Thus, whereas in the change-of-location sentences in (47a), (48a), and (49a), the V denotes the movement of the subject, and the particle denotes its resultant location, in the (b) sentences, the V expresses the position/static configuration of the subject, and the particle denotes its location.