Semantics

Download Evaluation and Stance in War News: A Linguistic Analysis of by Louann Haarman, Linda Lombardo PDF

By Louann Haarman, Linda Lombardo

Utilizing the 2003 warfare in Iraq as an illustrative device for highlighting the influence which advances in conversation platforms have had on message relays, this ebook comes as a great tool package for permitting a serious review of how language is utilized in the news.In a global during which complex conversation applied sciences have made the reporting of mess ups and conflicts (also within the type of breaking information) a well-known and 'normalised' job, the knowledge provided right here approximately tv information reporting of the 2003 struggle in Iraq has implications that transcend this actual conflict."Evaluation and Stance in warfare information" features as a device package for the serious overview of language within the information, either as uncooked info short of interpretation and as rigorously packaged items of 'information administration' wanting 'unpacking'. The chapters supply an array of theoretical and empirical tools for revealing, deciding on, sifting, weighing and connecting styles of language use that build messages. those messages hold with them international perspectives and cost platforms which may both create an ever wider divide or serve to construct bridges among peoples and countries.The Editorial Board comprises: Paul Baker (Lancaster), Frantisek Cermak (Prague), Susan Conrad (Portland), Geoffrey Leech (Lancaster), Dominique Maingueneau (Paris XII), Christian Mair (Freiburg), Alan Partington (Bologna), Elena Tognini-Bonelli (Lecce and TWC), Ruth Wodak (Lancaster and Vienna), and Feng Zhiwei (Beijing). "The Corpus and Discourse" sequence includes strands. the 1st, examine in Corpus and Discourse, gains cutting edge contributions to varied elements of corpus linguistics and a variety of functions, from language know-how through the educating of a moment language to a heritage of mentalities. the second one strand, reports in Corpus and Discourse, is created from key texts bridging the distance among social reports and linguistics. even if both academically rigorous, this strand might be geared toward a much broader viewers of lecturers and postgraduate scholars operating in either disciplines.

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Additional info for Evaluation and Stance in War News: A Linguistic Analysis of American, British and Italian Television News Reporting of the 2003 Iraqi War

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On the contrary it is used to describe a feature related to a visual aspect of television news: the speaker’s turn may be uttered to ‘camera’ or as a ‘voiceover’, with the speaker’s voice heard over accompanying images rather than with the speaker speaking to camera. 2 Main TEI elements in the television corpus Element Attribute Attribute value div1 type news item, headline div2 type report, intro, other, exchange, servizio resp news presenter, war zone reporter, correspondent, reporter, embedded reporter, collaborative, studio reporter gap desc omission, other news, commercials, singing, music seg type camera, voiceover, telephone, videophone, question sic u 857 2,034 214 2,079 108 who Surname_FirstName sex female, male, unclear dialect American English, British English, Italian role news presenter, correspondent, reporter, war zone reporter, embedded reporter, studio reporter, legitimated person, military, ‘ordinary’ person (Vox) type camera, voiceover, telephone, videophone, question flang Arabic, American English, British English, French unclear writing Number 4,094 215 type Total number of elements caption 1,747 12,158 case of a single speaker’s turn split between ‘camera’ and ‘voiceover’ sections a seg element was inserted within the u element to encode this difference.

Div2> (Simplified version. Source: BBC 22 March 2003) The two examples show the evolution of the annotation scheme. In (1) the text in square brackets and parentheses corresponds to the name of the speaker and the words appearing on screen respectively. In (2) the information concerning the speaker (sex, role, language), the relation between the words uttered and the images (camera and voiceover), the details concerning the text organization of the television news programme (div2 elements identifying stretches of text according to their function) are all identified, made explicit and encoded within the restrictions of XML syntax and standardized according to the Guidelines of the Text Encoding Initiative for spoken discourse.

In the television corpus the visual category is covered by a binary choice: the attribute type of the utterance can be ascribed either to the value ‘camera’, when the images show the speaker while s/he is performing the utterance, or the value ‘voiceover’, when the speaker’s voice accompanies a video stream. 3. Intro Report Intro Report Exchange [. 1 News as flow of event types. 2 News as flow of roles. Embedded reporter (1) News presenter News presenter Embedded reporter (1) [. ] evaluation and stance in war news 36 Camera Voice over Camera Voice over Voice over Camera Camera Camera [.

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