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Download European Integration and the Cold War: by N. Piers Ludlow PDF

By N. Piers Ludlow

This edited quantity makes use of newly published archival fabric to teach linkages among the improvement of the ecu Union and the chilly War.

Containing essays by means of famous chilly struggle students corresponding to Jussi Hanhimaki, Wilfried Loth and Piers Ludlow, the publication appears to be like at:

  • France, the place neither de Gaulle nor Pompidou felt devoted to the established order in East-West or West-West relations
  • Germany, the place Brandt’s Ostpolitik used to be said to be associated with the good fortune of Bonn’s Westpolitik
  • and Britain, the place the circulation in the direction of neighborhood club used to be tightly sure up with a number of calculations concerning the association of the West and its method of the chilly War.

Nixon and Kissinger’s rules are set out because the history people coverage opposed to which each and every of the eu gamers was once forced to function, explaining how Washington observed eu integration as a part of the over-arching chilly battle.

European Integration and the chilly War will attract scholars of chilly warfare heritage, eu politics, and overseas history.

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Extra info for European Integration and the Cold War: Ostpolitik-Westpolitik, 1965-1973

Example text

47 But Gomulka answered that ‘the alliance with the USSR and the treaties concluded with the socialist states of Eastern Europe, including the GDR, were the lynchpin of Poland’s foreign policy’. 48 Reining in integration: the Empty Chair crisis of 1965 Still convinced that the time had now come for his pan-European concept, de Gaulle decided quite logically to rein in EEC integration, which he had tolerated for tactical reasons since 1958. The linkage between his concept of détente and his view of Western Europe is quite evident here: France’s freedom of action, essential for Paris to control the interplay between interlocking balances he wanted to establish, implied the end of integration.

83 As for the MBFR, the French rejected this outright. 84 The growing difference over the strategy of détente thus led to a realignment of Pompidou’s policy towards the United States after 1972: his aim was henceforth less to be the privileged intermediary between Europe and the United States and much more to gather the Europeans together to balance American influence – in a way a return to Gaullism. 85 Paris was concerned by the SALT agreements of May 1972 and their possible implications for France.

Compared to de Gaulle, he was much more prudent towards Moscow. Pompidou’s first contacts with the Americans were largely positive. 71 Naturally there were differences between Paris and Washington, for instance, over the international monetary system, but also and particularly over the military aspects of détente. Paris feared that the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT) which started in earnest in 1969 might reduce the American nuclear guarantee to Europe and encourage Washington and Moscow to regard smaller nuclear powers as destabilizing factors that needed to be controlled in times of crisis.

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