By B. Cooke
This can be a comparative assessment of development concepts on the subject of low- and medium-rise structures, in keeping with 5 consultant international locations within the eu Union - Denmark, France, Germany, the Netherlands and Portugal. specialist relationships and the jobs of the architect, engineer and surveyor are defined, including contractual systems as acceptable. Case-study examples are mentioned below every one state and the various options followed for the development of foundations, flooring, inner and exterior partitions, and roofs are illustrated. Comparative facts at the different ecu international locations is usually incorporated.
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Extra resources for European Construction: Procedures and techniques
For building works the final account must be submitted to the employer within 25 working days of handing over the project. For major contracts this period is extended to 35 working days and for engineering works a 60-day period applies. The general conditions for the provision of works and supplies within building and engineering are covered by Contract AB 92 issued by the Danish Ministry of housing (December 1992). The AB 92 contract clauses are presented in a much simpler form than the JCT 80 contract and are more readable to the layman.
Danish environmental standards are high and aim to set the future standards for other EC countries to follow. New high-flexibility housing - with increased productivity In the 1990s the demand for increased productivity in building and construction is growing. Productivity growth may be achieved by an increase in the use of prefabricated components which can be easily transported to the construction site and fitted without further adjustment. Complete wall panels may incorporate all building finishes and services with connections to adjacent panels.
3 Housing layout and design Architecture is highly respected as an intellectual and artistic profession in Denmark. The architectural skills are very broadly based and architects are involved in many aspects of building and industrial design. This may range from planning new developments, interior design schemes, through to the design of furniture. It also may extend to other products outside the construction industry. Danish housing designs are found to be rather unimaginative, boxey and over simplified.