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By Yonatan Tesfaye Fessha

How federalism can be utilized to supply attractiveness and accommodate ethnic teams is a crucial subject, not just in Africa, yet in multi-ethnic groups around the globe. interpreting how associations of multi-ethnic states were designed to house ethnic variety whereas whilst holding nationwide solidarity, this publication locates institutional responses to the demanding situations of ethnic variety in the context of a federal association. It examines how a federal association has been used to reconcile the conflicting pressures of the call for for the popularity of certain identities, at the one hand, and the merchandising of political and territorial integrity, at the different. Comparative case reviews of South Africa and Ethiopia because the federal structures supply a contrasting method of problems with ethnic variety. Suggesting new ways that federalism may possibly paintings, the writer identifies key associations classes as a way to aid to construct an all-inclusive society.

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Additional info for Ethnic Diversity and Federalism: Constitution Making in South Africa and Ethiopia

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Multi-ethnic federations like Canada and Belgium have tried to be more accommodating by allowing the adoption of holidays at the level of the constituent units in addition to statewide public holidays (Keating 2001: 105). Yet some question the practicality of recognition through symbolical codes. They wonder how, as a practical matter, one can include the images, stories, languages and festivals of all or even most ethnic groups in the official document and codes of states. ‘How many images can reasonably appear on a flag?

The Constitution, by emphasizing the indissoluble unity of Spain while at the same time recognizing Spain as ‘an ensemble of diverse peoples, historic nationalities and regions’, is seeking to reconcile unity with diversity (Guibernau 2003). It embodies a balance, albeit difficult, between two historical elements of Spanish history: the federalist and the centralist (Conversi 2000). The foregoing discussion suggests that the formulation of the preamble to a constitution is an important element of recognition.

This could be interpreted as an indication where the recognition of ethnic diversity can eventually give rise to ‘civic nationalism’ or what some authors refer as ‘patriotism’. Federalism as Institutional Design to Recognize Ethnic Diversity 35 upon the indissoluble unity of the Spanish nation, the common and indivisible patria of all Spaniards, and recognises and guarantees the right to self government of the nationalities and regions of which it is composed and the solidarity among them all’.

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