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By Donald Mackenzie

Egyptian mythology is of hugely complicated personality, and can't be thought of except its racial andhistorical facets. The Egyptians have been, as a Hebrew prophet has declared, a "mingled people", and this viewhas been proven by way of contemporary ethnological study: "the strategy; of racial fusion all started within the Delta at thedawn of history", says Professor Elliot Smith, "spread throughout the entire land of Egypt". In localities theearly Nilotic population authorised the spiritual ideals of settlers, and fused those with their very own. They alsoclung tenaciously to the crude and primitive tribal ideals in their distant ancestors, and not deserted anarchaic belief even if they obtained new and extra enlightened rules; they permitted myths literally,and looked with nice sanctity historical ceremonies and usages. They even confirmed an inclination to multiplyrather than to lessen the variety of their gods and goddesses, through symbolizing their attributes. consequently, wefind it essential to care for a bewildering variety of deities and a careworn mass of ideals, lots of whichare imprecise and contradictory. however the typical Egyptian was once by no means dismayed via inconsistencies in religiousmatters: he appeared fairly to be serious about them. there has been, strictly conversing, no orthodox creed in Egypt;each provincial centre had its personal distinct theological process, and the faith of anyone looks tohave depended frequently on his conduct of existence. "The Egyptian", as Professor Wiedemann has acknowledged, "neverattempted to systematize his conceptions of the several divinities right into a homogeneous faith. it really is open tous to talk of the spiritual principles of the Egyptians, yet no longer of an Egyptian religion."

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CHAPTER III. Dawn of Civilization Early PeoplesThe Mediterranean RaceBlonde Peoples of Morocco and Southern PalestineFair Types in EgyptMigrations of Mediterraneans They reach BritainEarly Nilotic CivilizationsBurial CustomsOsiris InvasionThe Set ConquestSun Worshippers from BabyloniaSettlement in NorthComing of Dynastic EgyptiansThe Two KingdomsUnited by MenaThe Mathematicians of the DeltaIntroduction of CalendarProgressive PharaohsEarly Irrigation Schemes. IN the remote ages, ere the ice cap had melted in northern Europe, the Nile valley was a swamp, with growth of jungle like the Delta.

Nor did she light the lamp. The house was in darkness. She moaned where she lay, as if she were in sickness, and her garment was beside her. " asked Anpu, her husband. The woman answered him: "No one came nigh me save thy younger brother. ' Then was he angry, and he struck me until I promised that I would not inform thee. . " The elder brother became like an angry panther. Hesharpened his dagger and went out and stood behind the door of the byre with purpose to slay young Bata when he came nigh.

The land was a veritable hive of industry. Food was plentiful, for the harvests yielded corn, and huntsmen found wild animals more numerous as beasts of prey were driven from their lairs and lessened in number. Great galleys were built to trade in the Mediterranean, and each was propelled by sixty oarsmen. The ships of other peoples also visited the ports of Egypt, probably from Crete and the Syrian coast, and caravans crossed the frontier going eastward and north, while alien traders entered the land and abode in it.

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