By F. Robert Hunter
Robert Hunter's Egypt less than the Khedives, introduced again into print during this paperback version, was once a pioneering paintings while first released within the Eighties, as Western students started to comb Egypt's nationwide documents for an realizing of the social and fiscal background of the rustic. it's now famous as one of many primary books on nineteenth-century Egypt: it's so archivally established and empirically strong that it varieties the starting-point for all learn. Hunter used land and pension documents in Dar al-Mahfuzat, as well as released archival collections like these of Amin Sami Pasha, to amplify our knowing of the social dimensions of the politics of the interval. A secondary and extremely vital contribution of the paintings is its rationalization of how within which "collaborating bureaucrat-landowners" aided within the country's subordination to eu political and financial dominance within the reign of Ismail. the massive bankruptcy at the unraveling of khedivial absolutism is a most suitable piece of storytelling, because it explores the wild fluctuations in Egypt's funds, Ismail's determined gambits to push back eu administrative scrutiny, and the defection of key officers in his regime to the eu part.
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Additional info for Egypt Under the Khedives, 1805-1879: From Household Government to Modern Bureaucracy
10 In the central administration, power became concentrated in two governmental bodies that were part of an administrative structure made up of departments (diwans) and councils (majlises). Presided over by the viceroy or a close aide, these central bodies supervised and coordinated the day-to-day affairs of government in the capital and THE RECONSTITUTIOX OF GOVERNMENT BY MUHAMMAD ALI A 19 A also played a role in the provincial administration. 11 This large administration had responsibility for Egypt's internal affairs, except for financial matters, which it shared with other administrative bodies.
This cooperation provides a clue as to how Egypt's viceroys could endure more than a decade of fiscal crises and still maintain their power. Before examining the growth and development of the Egyptian state system after 1849, focusing both upon social relationships and the administrative structure, we must first locate the sources of change within it. What pushed the evolution of the Egyptian state structure in the direction it took? The answer to this is exceedingly complex, since it involves the actions of the viceroys and developments on the other side of the Mediterranean.
13 It collected information on the work of other administrative bodies, investigated anything in need of clarification, and informed the viceroy. Once Muhammad Ali had made his decisions, it issued orders in his name. The viceregal cabinet also possessed considerable power of its own: it supervised accounts, appointed and dismissed government officials, corresponded with foreign powers, adjudicated administrative disputes, disciplined officials for minor offenses, and formed a high court to try officials accused of crimes.