Semantics

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By Daniel Fox

In economic climate and Semantic Interpretation, Danny Fox investigates the relevance of rules of optimization (economy) to the interface among syntax and semantics. aiding the view that grammar is specific by way of economic climate issues, Fox argues for varied economic system stipulations that constrain the program of "covert" operations. between different issues, he argues that syntactic operations that don't have an effect on phonology can't observe except they impact the semantic interpretation of a sentence. This place has a few results for the structure of grammar. for instance, it means that the modularity assumption, in accordance with which a language's syntax has to be characterised independently of its semantics, should be revised. one other end result matters new solutions to the query of precisely the place within the syntactic derivation a few of the constraints on interpretation apply.Linguistic Inquiry Monograph No. 35Copublished with the MIT operating Papers in Linguistics sequence.

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Extra resources for Economy and Semantic Interpretation (Linguistic Inquiry Monographs)

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QL is totally optional and (by Scope Economy) is allowed to apply only when it has semantic effects. For this reason QL, like QR, can yield inverse scope from (9), but not from (10). 10 Scope Economy also distinguishes the sentences in (15) from the sentences in (17). QL can move the subject under the intensional verb in sentences like (15) but not in sentences like (17) (where QL would be semantically vacuous). 10. Given the option of QL (or given another mechanism for scope reconstruction; see chapter 5), it is very tempting to suggest that optional QR does not exist (see Kitahara 1994, Pica and Snyder 1995, Hornstein 1995) and that the restrictions imposed by Scope Economy are relevant only for QL.

When a QP is not a sister of a one-place predicate, I assume (again with Heim and Kratzer) that it must move by QR to a clause-denoting expression (type t)4 and that that movement forms a one-place predicate (through l-abstraction over the position of the trace). In order to predict the generalization in (3), I would like to add two economy conditions to the system described above. One condition (which 4. This assumption is not crucial for anything I say in this chapter. However, I believe that it becomes crucial once ACD is taken into account.

Chapters 5 and 6 combine material from Fox 1995a with material from Fox 1999. They also contain a new argument in favor of the conclusions that I draw in chapter 2. Page xvii ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This book is the result of five years of work. Much has happened to me during this time, and many people have made an impact on the way things turned out. I am especially indebted to my thesis supervisors: Noam Chomsky, Kai von Fintel, Irene Heim, and David Pesetsky. They have all been extremely generous with their time, and were a source of encouragement and support.

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