By Robert O’Neill (eds.)
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Extra info for East Asia, the West and International Security
The third proposal for the enhancement of deterrence is to develop an extended air defence system. The Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) forms part of this approach, but in addition to defence against long-range ballistic missiles, serious research efforts would have to be made for more effective defence against short-range missiles and cruise missiles. The various new technologies, especially for surveillance, that may be developed by such research will make a major contribution towards enhancing the credibility of Western deterrence.
To the extent that SDI is discussed, it is its impact on deterrence and arms control (apart from concerns about commercial applications) which seems uppermost. There is more convergence here with West European opinion than with that in Washington, a similar readiness to see SDI as a bargaining chip, but also the same determination not to let the Soviet Union profit from any gap with the United States that there may be. East Asia is effectively sheltered by US nuclear strength and, although this is of less immediate concern than that of conventional protection, it is likely to prompt general support for the US armscontrol position - except perhaps on SDI - even if there is a general disposition not to be closely involved or to be vocal on the subject.
ECONOMICS AND SECURITY Regional economic relationships, on the other hand, are divisive, pitting many of the developing countries of East Asia against the United States and the EC and, it seems, pitting Japan against almost everyone. Trading imbalances have led to burgeoning protectionism, notably in the US Congress, and to widespread trade frictions within and between regions, as for example between Japan and China, between Japan and South Korea, and between the United States and the EC. The economic causes of the imbalances and the remedies for them are outside the scope of this particular Paper, which is concerned only with their security implications.