By Naomi Geyer
Discourse and Politeness examines jap institutional discourse and makes an attempt to explain the connection among politeness, facework and speaker id. The e-book seeks to set up an empirically grounded research of facework because the foundation for comparing politeness, and describes facework in tender events corresponding to war of words, teasing and conversing approximately issues, that have not often been mentioned in politeness experiences.
Insightful and state-of-the-art, this learn monograph should be of curiosity to researchers in discourse research, sociolinguistics and jap language.
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Additional resources for Discourse and Politeness: Ambivalent Face in Japanese
Some show that gender difference has a negligible effect (Kemper 1984, Zimin 1981), while others suggest that a speaker's gender does play a role (Holmes 1986, 1988, 1989). In a number of these studies, considerable cross-cultural differences have also been observed. Kasper (1990) categorizes sociolinguistic variables by differentiating context-external variables, such as the social factors of power and distance, and context-internal variables inherent in specific speech acts, such as the rank of imposition (R) of the act as formulated by Brown and Levinson (1987).
However, the strictness of social obligation in conforming to an expected norm can vary not only from culture to culture, but also within the same culture from expression to expression and from situation to situation. For instance, both the conventionality of an expression and how politeness is marked in a particular language are factors that determine whether a politeness enactment is considered a social index. Within the same culture, one situation may allow more linguistic latitude than others.
They argue that social distance must be distinguished from affect, and they demonstrate that the latter has an impact on politeness behavior. In addition to social distance among interlocutors, the metaphorical distance between interlocutors and conveyed information may also influence linguistic behavior (Kamio 1979, 1990). According to Kamio, information presented in conversation can be judged as belonging to the speaker, the addressee, or both. The judgment depends on the metaphorical distance between interlocutors and information; the person who is better acquainted with the information at the time of conversation is regarded as "nearer" to it.