By Zoltán Tibor Pállinger, Visit Amazon's Bruno Kaufmann Page, search results, Learn about Author Central, Bruno Kaufmann, , Wilfried Marxer, Theo Schiller
Modern direct democracy has lately turn into a necessary section of political existence in lots of nations in Europe - and all over the world. The initiative and referendum technique bargains additional channels of participation and will function an immense supplementary establishment in consultant democratic platforms. this primary quantity of the hot sequence Direct Democracy in sleek Europe positive factors 16 systematic and extensively empirical techniques to the examine of recent direct democracy in the context of ecu politics including
- procedure contexts and results of the initiative and referendum process
- theoretical techniques and uncomplicated values in sleek direct democracy
- the standard and institutional layout of direct democratic mechanisms
- elements of data and communication
- institutional functionality and monetary effectiveness
- transnational demanding situations and the advance of direct democracy in Europe
Read or Download Direct Democracy in Europe: Developments and Prospects PDF
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Extra info for Direct Democracy in Europe: Developments and Prospects
Int. Int. Int. Int. Int. Int. Int. Int. Int. Int. Int. Ext. Int. Int. Int. Mixed Int. Int. Int. Int. Int. Int. Int. Ext. Ext. Int. Int. Ext. Int. Ref. Init. Init. Init. Ref. Init. Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref. Init. Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref. Init. Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref. Init. Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref. Init. Init. Ref. Ref. Init. Ref. Ref. Init. 13 The special case of Bretton Woods apart, there were five clear instances of external or internal integration issues.
1 In Europe, this development was often triggered by developments at the supranational, as well as at the sub-national level. After the end of the Cold War, Europeanization and regionalization were the forces which pushed the formerly divided Europe of often highly centralized nation states into the direction of a single multi-level polity. The relatively rapid and powerful dynamics of federalization in the two decades between 1985 and 2005 thus coincided with the still sluggish trend towards more direct democracy.
11 The result was a sample of forty ballot issues, which also served as a basis for calculating the weights of the different associations. Table 1: Case Selection and Classification Type of Policy Internal Policies Sample No. 1 2 1+2 Neutral 33 – 33 – 1 1 More Integration 3 – 3 1 2 Less Integration 2 3 5 1 Total 38 3 41 2 External Policies 1 2 Total 1+2 1 2 1+2 33 1 34 3 4 2 6 – 1 3 3 6 3 5 40 6 46 To analyse a greater number of integration policy cases—which are relatively less frequent than “neutral” cases—and to test the (inductive) theoretical conclusions reached on the basis of the first sample, an additional set of cases has been selected.