By Paula Sanders
This booklet argues that the ancient urban we all know as Medieval Cairo was once created within the 19th century by means of either Egyptians and Europeans opposed to a historical past of 4 overlapping political and cultural contexts: the neighborhood Egyptian, Anglo-Egyptian, Anglo-Indian, and Ottoman imperial milieux. Addressing the interrelated issues of empire, neighborhood historical past, faith, and transnational background, historian Paula Sanders indicates how Cairo's architectural historical past grew to become canonized within the 19th and 20th centuries.
The booklet additionally explains why and the way town assumed its often Mamluk visual appeal and situates the actions of the European-dominated architectural protection committee (known because the Comité) in the background of spiritual existence in nineteenth-century Cairo. providing clean views and prepared old research, this quantity examines the unacknowledged colonial legacy that maintains to notify the perform of and debates over upkeep in Cairo.
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Extra info for Creating Medieval Cairo: Empire, Religion, and Architectural Preservation in Nineteenth-Century Egypt
5a; 19 September, p. 10c; 20 September, p. 7a; 22 September, p. 3d; 23 September, p. l0f. As far as I can tell, the account in The Academy is the only one published that gives the full text of the motion. Stanley Lane-Poole discussed the motion and elaborated upon it in a column entitled “Arab Art Monuments” in the same issue of The Academy 6 (26 September 1874): 361. , and Alaa El-Din Elwi El-Habashi, “Atbar to Monuments: the Intervention of the Comite de conservation des monuments de l’art arabe,” (PhD diss.
The vast majority of the Comite’s work was, in fact, to consolidate monuments to prevent further decay, not to restore. The Comite’s long-time chief architect, Max Herz Bey, was committed also to the principle of preservation. Herz Bey was, in this sense, different from his predecessor, Julius Franz Pasha, the Comite’s first chief architect. ”35 Even so, he was willing to completely restore buildings under certain circumstances, according to Stanley Lane-Poole: There is a well-founded prejudice in artistic and archaeological circles against restoration of any and every description; but I believe that an examination of some of the recent restorations carried out by Herz Bey would remove these natural and generally just apprehensions.
441. Constructing Medieval Cairo in the Nineteenth Century 9 and reactions because, comprised of a diverse group of men—French, AustroHungarian, British, and Egyptian—it represents a cross-section of those who were concerned with the preservation of Arab art in the period, and its members represent the range of views that were under discussion at the time. At the same time, the Comite was larger than its membership: it was an official organization of the Egyptian government, and so its activities must be considered within all the contexts that were shaping fiscal and governmental policy within Egypt during the British occupation.