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By Venkat Dhulipala

This e-book examines how the assumption of Pakistan was once articulated and debated within the public sphere and the way renowned enthusiasm was once generated for its winning fulfillment, specially within the an important province of UP (now Uttar Pradesh) within the final decade of British colonial rule in India. It argues that Pakistan used to be now not a easily a imprecise concept that serendipitously emerged as a countryside, yet was once popularly imagined as a sovereign Islamic nation, a brand new Medina, as a few known as it. during this regard, it used to be envisaged because the harbinger of Islam's renewal and upward push within the 20th century, the recent chief and protector of the worldwide group of Muslims, and a important successor to the defunct Turkish Caliphate. The booklet additionally particularly foregrounds the severe function performed by way of Deobandi ulama in articulating this imagined nationwide group with an knowledge of Pakistan's international historic importance.

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Additional info for Creating a New Medina: State Power, Islam, and the Quest for Pakistan in Late Colonial North India

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For an account of the work of this committee, see Leonard Binder, Religion and Politics in Pakistan (Los Angeles, 1961). Also see Sayyid Sulaiman Nadwi, Fundamental Principles of the Islamic State (Karachi, 1951). INTRODUCTION 21 The relationship between ML leadership and the ulama became especially close on the eve of 1945–46 elections that were widely seen as a referendum on Pakistan. Prominent Deobandi ulama led by Maulana Shabbir Ahmad Usmani, a protégé of Ashraf Ali Thanawi, came out in open support of the ML’s demand for Pakistan, which proved critical for its success.

As the Mahatma wrote There can be no comparison between Pakistan and Andhra separation. The Andhra separation is a redistribution on a linguistic basis. The Andhras do not claim to be a separate nation having nothing in common with the rest of India. Pakistan on the other hand is a demand for carving out of India a portion to be treated as a wholly independent sovereign State. ’56 Full sovereignty was thus fundamental to the Pakistan demand as reiterated by numerous ML leaders in public. Jinnah also made it amply clear 55 56 Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi (henceforth CWMG), Vol.

A functionary of the Jamaat-i-Islami who met Jinnah in the days following the Lahore Resolution narrates a fascinating incident in this regard. When pressed by this functionary to clarify on the nature of Pakistan, the Qaid used a telling metaphor to articulate his position. P. 53 The committee under the Chairmanship of Syed Sulaiman Nadwi, another reputed alim belonging to the Nadwatul Ulama of Lucknow, came up with a report that was to be internally discussed and debated before publication but for reasons never adequately explained was not published until 1957.

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