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Download Confucius & Confucianism: The Essentials by Lee Dian Rainey PDF

By Lee Dian Rainey

This complete advent explores the lifestyles and teachings of Confucius, and improvement of Confucian idea, from precedent days to the current at the present time.

  • Demonstrates the knowledge and enduring relevance of Confucius’s teachings – drawing parallels among our 21st century society and that of China 2,500 years in the past, where government corruption, besides social, financial, and technical alterations, led thinkers to check human nature and society
  • Draws at the most recent learn and comprises interpretations of Confucius and his works through chinese language and Western students during the centuries
  • Explores how Confucius's fans accelerated and reinterpreted his principles after his dying, and the way this strategy has endured all through chinese language background
  • Seamlessly hyperlinks Confucius with our glossy age, revealing how his teachings have  turn into the root of East Asian tradition and motivated the West

Chapter 1 Confucius' international and His lifestyles (pages 1–22):
Chapter 2 Confucius' Teachings I: the root of a great individual (pages 23–44):
Chapter three Confucius' Teachings II: the basis of a great Society and different issues (pages 45–62):
Chapter four phrases, and Mozi (pages 63–74):
Chapter five competitors (pages 75–86):
Chapter 6 Mencius (pages 87–104):
Chapter 7 Xunzi (pages 105–118):
Chapter eight Confucians, “Confucian” Texts, and the Qin Dynasty (pages 119–131):
Chapter nine The Han Dynasty, 206 BCE–220 CE1 (pages 132–145):
Chapter 10 From the Han to the Tang Dynasties, 220–907 CE (pages 146–158):
Chapter eleven Neo?Confucianism (pages 159–175):
Chapter 12 Confucianism and Modernity (pages 176–191):
Chapter thirteen matters (pages 192–206):

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Sample text

At the first sound of the rooster, they should wash their hands, rinse their mouths, comb their hair … [and get dressed]. Now that they are dressed, the son and his wife should go to their parents and parents-in-law. When they arrive, they should ask in a quiet and gentle voice if the parents’ clothes are too warm or too cold, whether they are ill, have any pain, or any discomfort. If that be the case, the young people should then reverently massage the place. The young people similarly should help and support their parents in leaving or entering rooms, either by going before them or by supporting them.

Still, courage was associated generally with physical courage, bravado, and honor. Confucius took the concept of courage, made it a virtue, and put it in the service of moral behavior. ”32 For Confucius, courage is moral courage, and it was as difficult to find in Confucius’ time as it is in ours. People worry about their status, their paycheck, their reputation, their family, and their future, and this leads to moral cowardice, just as Confucius said it would. As a result, civil servants and government ministers do not argue with their ruler – prime minister or president – when it is clear that government policy is wrong or immoral.

Can I fool Heaven? Anyway, why wouldn’t I rather die in the arms of my students than in the arms of government ministers? ”46 His students had no choice but to carry out his funeral according to his low rank. Confucius’ affectionate reproach in this story gives it the ring of truth. One wonders what he thought about his life as it came to a close. On the one hand, he had never been able to put his ideas into practice because he had never been able to get a senior government position. Many of his former students who did achieve high government positions seem to have 22 Confucius’ World and His Life forgotten most of what he had taught them about proper behavior and good government.

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