By Gerda Falkner, Oliver Treib, Miriam Hartlapp, Simone Leiber
What does european legislations really suggest for the member states? This e-book offers the 1st encompassing and in-depth empirical research of the consequences of 'voluntaristic' and (partly) 'soft' ecu rules in all 15 member states. It examines ninety case reviews throughout a number of european Directives and clarifies modern matters in political technology, integration concept, and social coverage. The learn concludes that significant implementation disasters succeed and that, so far, the ecu fee has now not been capable of safely practice its regulate functionality.
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Extra info for Complying with Europe: EU Harmonisation and Soft Law in the Member States (Themes in European Governance)
Conversely, problems are likely to occur when inspectors trained as generalists have to perform de facto as specialists in health and safety issues and feel ill equipped to do so. Put more generally, inspectors must be adequately trained in order to be able to fulfil their tasks properly. Moreover, some of the EU standards studied in this book require the support of specialists, such as when it comes to workplace assessment or to the control of maximal concentrations of certain substances listed in the Directives’ annexes.
In other words, establishing in a detailed manner both the status quo ante in the member states and the demands embedded in any European Directive is crucial. This is far from easy, at least in research practice, for a lot of EU regulation touches on intricate details of national legislation that no one but a national expert can know. The great effort needed explains why qualitative implementation studies have traditionally only analysed a few cases. e. ninety implementation cases in total) we needed a much more differentiated approach.
Operationalising misfit and costs Misfit between EU demands and the given situation in a member state has been highlighted as the crucial explanatory factor for implementation performance in much of the recent literature on Europeanisation. The argument is based on the assumption that one can expect a smooth implementation process if a Directive requires only small changes to the domestic arrangements. Implementation problems, by contrast, are expected if considerable misfit must be rectified by a member state.